10.04 - 10.04.07 The representation that the colonists had...

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10.04.07 The representation that the colonists had in mind was that they want local governments to decide taxation not the GB Parliament. Even if they had two representatives were in Parliament (26) they would always be a minority and be outvoted and therefore have to pay the taxes anyway, this is not what the colonists wanted. Basically, the colonists wanted Parliament to ask the assemblies if they needed money and the colonial assemblies would then vote on it…which meant that the colonies’ assemblies would then be equal with Parliament. Therefore Parliament wanted a test to see if they could tax the colonists and then get some money from those taxes At this point both mutually distrusted each other Colonies seeing tyranny GB seeing treason I. Townshend Plan (1767) a. Background i. Similar to stamp act however this time the stakes were higher. Both sides were trying to maneuver around each other’s wishes and trying to avoid open confrontation. ii. William Pitt, hero of 7 Years War, became Prime Minister and he was seen to be friendly to America. During stamp act crisis, he was seen to make a speech to repeal Stamp Act saying virtual representation was horrible and said we should not tax colonists. Parliament was also popular among the Parliament for his oratory skills…However his weakness was he did not have a network of patronage, and did have a group of supporters. And he was also given a title of Earl and therefore was sent to the House of Lords not the House of Commons. iii. The real power was now in Charles Townshend’s hand. He was known to be unpredictable. Parliament named a plan to reform the colonial administration and tax the colonists. iv. However the Parliament was supposed to be friendly to the colonists therefore the colonists saw this as sending mixed signals, either confused or hypocrites. v. Background on American Side 1. Parliament had directed the colonies to compensate the victims of the Stamp Act Riots. The Mass general court passed a law to compensate the victims of the Stamp Act Riots but coupled it with a clause to issue a general pardon for all the rioters. 2. British saw this irritating and also noted only the king had the right to issue pardons.
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3. Governor tried to block the pardon but he really wanted the compensation and therefore gave in. And then the council in GB disallowed the law. 4. NY defied the 1755 Quartering Act. General Gage thought he had been reasonable, he had sent his troops to put down the tenant riots (Hudson Valley Tenant Uprising). However NY refused to support the troops. They refused acknowledge its existence. Even Pitt said it was too much wanted to come back but had a physical collapse and so Townshend was in charge b. Content 4 parts i. New Duties—external taxes—taxes on importation of lead, glass, paper, and tea. ii.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course HISTORY 7a taught by Professor Einhorn during the Fall '08 term at Berkeley.

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10.04 - 10.04.07 The representation that the colonists had...

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