11.06 - 11.06.07 This week is about Jacksonian politics and...

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11.06.07 This week is about Jacksonian politics and she will be talking about electoral politics and political culture. Introduce the democrats and the whigs… Thursday will about the issues the parties fought about or championed. Jacksonian democracy was a system of white male democracy—it was more democratic than politics had been ever before. Major changes: Mass Participation End of deference politics – in this period it is completely gone… Other hand: Democracy was only for white males whiteness was very explicit Jacksonian democrats were proudly and openingly white supremacists Will not be talking about slavery today, that is the subject for Thursday…the system described today was largely designed to prevent slavery from becoming a big political issue b/c everyone know that talking about slavery would be scary and cause a civil war I. Mass Parties (Created around 1830 was the second party system to distinguish it from the Federalists and the Republicans…Politics of dems and whigs were diff from the politics of early 18 th century b/c they were MASS parties in a way others weren’t vast numbers of white American men participated in the politics) a. Participation i. Suffrage 1. There were usually property qualifications for suffrage. Sometimes it was a flat out amount of land sometimes it was more relaxed—a tax…the majority of free white males could vote but the suffrage was still far from universal even then. 2. But early 19 th century most states rewrote their constitutions to expand suffrage. By 1821 all but 3 states had enfranchised almost all white male adults. (3: Rhode Island, Virginia until 1851, and North Carolina until 1854) 3. Many states northern and southern states explicitly disenfranchised black men as they expanded suffrage for whites. a. NY: male over 21, and owned a freehold worth 40 shillings (1776) / In 1821 all men over 21 except that men of color could vote only if they own property worth $250 b. Other states just inserted the word white into qualifications c. Penn had no property qualifications originally but when rewrote it: all white free men over 21 who pay any tax 4. Key: disenfranchisement of black men was a key part of jacksonian democracy—race replaced property as the key distinction among men
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a. CA: 1849 all white men over 21 but said that Legislature could decide to enfranchise indians over special accomadations b. In general only the New England states let black men vote in this period. 5. First third of 19 th century suffrage was expanded to white males complicated but possible more important was not that the opportunity expanded but voter turnout soared and stayed high for almost the entire rest of 19 th century until 1896. 6. Presidential election 1840: 80% of all eligible voted in this system you had high turnouts up and down the line not just for presidential elections 7. In some northern cities to limit the right to vote: a. Voter registration – is going to turn out to be a very important way of limiting the right to vote… i. You reregister when you move. Who moves a lot?
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