Chapter 4 Notes.docx - Chapter 4 Notes New Political Parties During Depression some Canadians disillusioned with Liberals and Conservatives Communist

Chapter 4 Notes.docx - Chapter 4 Notes New Political...

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Chapter 4 Notes New Political Parties - During Depression, some Canadians disillusioned with Liberals and Conservatives - Communist Party supported equal sharing of profits – gained support during tough economic times but feared by many (thought to cause revolution like Russia 1917) - Co-operative Commonwealth: western labour/farmers, wanted to introduce socialism (economic system based on government control of economic so equal benefits) o Regina Manifesto 1933, overtime CCF policies influenced federal government to introduce many reforms (employment insurance) o 1961 CCF evolved into New Democratic Party - Social Credit Party: western movement led by William Aberhart, wanted Alberta government to give payments of $25/month to every Albertan o Party governed Alberta and BC between 1935 and 1992, 1970s internal disputes caused party to gradually disappear Union Nationale: provincial party in Quebec led by Maurice Duplessis to focus on francophone issues; 1936 party formed provincial government * Relief Camps, On-to-Ottawa, and Regina Riots - On-To-Ottawa trek: 1930s many young/unmarried men put into poorly constructed relief camps to carry out manual labour, April 1935 men in BC camps staged walkout to demand better conditions/higher wages o Next two months 1 500 men in Vancouver, planned to take case to PM in Ottawa - Regina riot: June 34 1935 2 000 trekkers in Regina, Bennett agreed to meet leaders in Ottawa but meeting failed to resolve problem – after public meeting on July 1 Regina police and RCMP tried to arrest leaders, crowd panicked and overturned streetcars, broke windows and fought o Trekkers left back to homes and camps, 1935 election LMK government returned to power and relief camps closed * Rise of Dictatorships and Fascism - Early 1920s Italian dictator Benito Mussolini created totalitario; totalitarian government restricts individual rights and stays in power through fear and oppression - End of 1930s several totalitarian/fascist states, communism in Soviet Union (oppressive,

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