11.13 - 11.13.2007 Mainstream politics was manifest...

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11.13.2007 Mainstream politics was manifest destiny. (Manifest destiny proclaimed by democrats) Renaissance Movement: People who were critically rethinking life and ideas and decided that slavery is impossible to accommodate with a truly democratic society. Whitman : Manifest Destiny and Corruption Thoreau : just get away from society all together At the heart of rethinking the story: the people who provided the real energy for abolitionism were evangelicals who came out of the second great awakening. Problem with defining second great awakening: it trans too long a period and too many incidents Traditional definition of second great awakening (wrong def): Either people become deists or people are worried about religious enthusiasm…So the main triumpoh of Second Great Awakening was the disestablishment and then in the 1830’s you get this big rebound of religion, that brought religion back to the center of public life. Disestablishment was wrong b/c it was not secularization I. Disestablishment a. Today Americans think of disestablishment as a total separation from church and state. i. A wall of separation between church and state: from Jefferson’s letter to some Baptist ii. 1 st Establishment Clause iii. 1 st Amendment: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. b. At time this was adopted: many states still had established religion—local governments levied taxes to support churches b/c church would be part of the government i. Taxes used to pay churches and support salary of ministers c. Applied only to Congress not the state so why was this part adopted? i. 1791: Some states had actually disestablished religion 1. Virginia being an important one 2. Others like Pennsylvania never had established churches when colonies: NJ, and Rhode Island 3. Other colonies had established religions but had different ones established ii. It barred Congress from choosing any particular one of the different religions to establish nationally. 1. The clause had nothing about secularization but about protecting religion in an environment where there were different ones 2. In Pennsylvania:
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a. This was establishing religion : Quakers believed in no established religion 3. it took until 1833: where states disestablished religions 4. Why did the states disestablish religion? a. To protect religion rather than hurt it—protect religious Minorities b. Champions of disestablishment were extremely religious people i. It was proreligious people who wanted to disestablish the majority religion to protect theirs ii. It was not secularization, it was to PROTECT/WAX religion iii. Yes, TJ, Franklin, were deists but the point of disestablishment was to protect religion than hurt it…it made it more of a success in that it made America much more of a religious country d. Only later is disestablishment come to mean what it means today e. Panic of 1837: Business men fell to their needs in prayers for the
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course HISTORY 7a taught by Professor Einhorn during the Fall '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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11.13 - 11.13.2007 Mainstream politics was manifest...

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