11.29 - Get the 3 points she was talking about: 1. Slavery...

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Get the 3 points she was talking about: 1. Slavery would have been abolished gradually if left alone b/c it was in decline along with the cotton industry a. Wrong the cotton industry was booming and 1860 was one of cotton’s best years Northerners were not willing to go to war to abolish slavery but southerners were willing to go to war to defend slavery but slavery was a principal of the civil war. It was NOT possible for African Americans to abolish slavery on their own, whites out numbered blacks and out gunned them…however with the collapse in the Civil War, it was another story. So why did slavery collapse? - as a result of the civil war, the slaves saw the opportunity and forced the issue - the slaves had a window of opportunity and they were not about to let it slip by I. 1856 election a. What was happening i. Whigs were in shambles ii. Guerilla war in Kansas iii. Presidential election year 1. 3 Parties: 2 of them new trying to lure former whigs and disappointed democrats angry at Kansas Nebraska Act a. Republicans—Platform—No slavery in the territories i. Against Kansas – Nebraska act, and for the Wilmot Proviso ii. Nominated John C. Fremont for president 1. Explorer, pathfounder, crossed Rocky Mountains 5 times 2. Young- 43 3. Basically had no presidentially qualifications 4. Wife : Jesse Benton Fremont – brilliant political strategist 5. But he was a romantic figure, dashing explorer, he had never angered anyone outside of CA b. Know-Nothings i. Looked like they might actually become the major party in opposition to democrats ii. Platform: anti-immigrant and anti-catholic iii. Nativists
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iv. Policy demand: you have to be in USA 21 years before you are eligible for naturalization v. Developed out of the secret societies, and if ppl outside asked about the order, you had to say you knew nothing vi. Also known as the “American Party” vii. Nominated : Millard Filmore 1. More qualified can Fremont viii. Positioned themselves as the conservative party that replaced the Whigs ix. Tried to straddle the issue of slavery: con in north, and pro in south 1. Ended up splitting: north Americans and south Americans c. Democrats i. Pierce and Douglas were not nominated b/c they were involved with the Kansas Nebraska Act ii. Nominated: James Buchanon 1. Been politician since jacksonian era- 40 yrs 2. In Pierce administration, he had been an ambassador to GB you were out of country during the Kansas- Nebraska Act a. Did say it was the only “sound and safe solution” to the slavery question 2. Campaign a. It was clear election would be decided in north i. Know nothings attacked Republicans, and so accused Fremont of being a Catholic. 1. Saw this accusation as a major liability and went to great lengths to refute it ii. Against democrats they hit the Kansas – Nebraska Act iii. Democrats ran solely on racism 1. Charged that republicans would establish racial equality—which republicans refuted 3. Democrats won but Republicans did well: 11/16 states a. Even running Fremont, they became extremely close
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b. Southerners see that Republicans running on no
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11.29 - Get the 3 points she was talking about: 1. Slavery...

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