12.03 - I. Modern warfare a. Battlefields b. Recruitment i....

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I. Modern warfare a. Battlefields b. Recruitment i. Draft: each time in the north the government has a call for troops, the local community would try to meet its quota…so what they were trying to do was get enough volunteers in their community as to not get a draft lottery 1. Ways to avoid: buy substitutes, fail medical exam, 2. Commutation Clause: pay $300 and not go a. It was around the annual income of a day laborer in north ii. South: 1. Commutation Clause 2. List of exempt occupations: ie railroad workers are exempt b/c they need railroad workers 3. 20 Negro law: owners or overseers of 20 or more slaves were exempt from conscription in the army iii. Draft was controversial both in the north and the south 1. Major draft riot in 1863 (NY) a. 20,000 troops moved here to put down the riot iv. In the end, few men entered either army by conscription— conscription was a way that local communities by volunteers c. “Home front” i. As recruitment brought the war into local communities, private organizations mobilized women and men too old to be soldiers into war efforts 1. North: United States Sanitary Commission—private organization that ran union field offices—sent doctors and nurses to field hospitals a. Women got together and collected money 2. South –homefront was a battlefront esp toward the end of the war a. At the beginning of the war, the union strategy was to put down the rebellion of a few rebellious guys (Lincolns strategy) this was not true and it became clear that to win the war, Lincoln would have to fight a war backed by the southern constituents b. 1962 Sherman and Lincoln realized they ahd to show the southern whites that “war was hell,” it was not a war against just the Southern army but the southern population i. 1864 Sherman’s March to the Sea—1,000 mi, burning Atlanta through Georgia, through south Carolina, into north Carolina
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1. Point of this march was to cut a swath of destruction to punish the southern population for rebellion 2. Army of 62,000 spread out in 60mi wide, moved slowly and traveled light… 3. Ordered to forage liberally on the country 4. Destroyed railroads, destroyed crops, cut telegraph lines, destroyed livestock, took food 5. 1864: food shortage in south and riots 6. Sherman made headquarters in homes and if they complained he lectured them… 7. He made little effort to discipline troops, cut communication lines so Lincoln could not lecture him… 8. Made the southern homefront a battlefield c. It was not so modern that they were massacring civilians, they were punishing civilians and destroying property d. Everywhere Sherman’s army went, enslaved African Americans greeted them as saviors…many tried to follow and Sherman tried to discourage them i. But as the march continued thousands of African Americans joined them and the troops ii. At beginning everywhere union armies went, enslaved AA thought they were there to free them—slaves were ready to use the war to take their own freedom
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course HISTORY 7a taught by Professor Einhorn during the Fall '08 term at Berkeley.

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12.03 - I. Modern warfare a. Battlefields b. Recruitment i....

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