10.16PS - 10.16.07 Political Science Midterm: Nov 1-you can...

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10.16.07 Political Science Midterm: Nov 1—you can get your studying done early test is straight forward. Next week we will get a list of key terms, everything you need to know for the test is on the list. Format about the test is on the test next week -Drawn from lecture, textbook, and some from reader I. Review a. Political Participation i. Devoted to a discussion of formal institution of American politics and we have moved to see what links the people to the government ii. Political participation: any activity designed to influence government 1. Many different kinds: we focus on the most popular – voting—many diff kinds of elections a. Candidate/Person centered elections—who will represent us? i. Primary—within party elections— determines who the party’s nominee will be ii. General—actual election decides who will take power iii. As a country we look at the Presidential elections 1. Hillary, Obama, Gore? –who will democrats nominate? 2. Republicans: Romney, Juliani, Mccain, Thompson b. Elections for policies: referendums or initiatives i. CA initiative process: if you have enough signatures you can get something on the ballot c. Elections at different levels: federal, state, local 2. Two Questions About Voting: a. Who votes and how much? Voter turnout—if so why? i. Whether or not voting is rational—do the costs outweigh the benefits? 1. Costs: takes a lot of time 2. Benefits: are low 3. Abstaining may be a rational behavior 4. People are aware of this and try to increase voter turnout
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a. Someone in Arizona put this measure on the ballot—part of the initiative process b. “We will give every election one million dollars to some random voter.” i. It ultimate lost badly ii. Designed to change the cost and benefit analysis of voting ii. We do know people vote so what are the factors that influence? 1. Motives: duty, strong partisanship, sense of political ethicacy, sense of civic engagement 2. Resources: skills, more educated, more money people more likely to vote 3. Set / Opportunities: formal obstacles, institutions, electoral system, registration requirements, mobilization—contacted by political party or some organization, 4. Predictions on which kinds of people are more likely to vote and make predictions on why voting changes over time iii. Why is voter turnout lower in USA than other countries? 1. Electoral system depresses turnout 2. Singlemember plurality system 3. different systems can deisencourage voting 4. Vote days are work days 5. Formal way of registration b. If people decide to go and vote, who do they cast their ballot for and what factors influence this decision II. Voter Turnout Continued a. Differences across groups (2 Kinds) i. Age 1. In 2004 Election— a. Elderly (65 years or old) 70% voted b. Ages 18-24 only 40% voted c. Old people are vastly more likely than younger people to vote
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d. Why? i.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course POL SCI 1 taught by Professor Wallsten during the Fall '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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10.16PS - 10.16.07 Political Science Midterm: Nov 1-you can...

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