10.25 - 10.25.07 Political Science I Review a Political...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
10.25.07 Political Science I. Review a. Political Parties – organizations who try to influence govt by electing people to important government positions i. PIE ii. PIG iii. PAO b. Focus on PIE and PAO for midterm i. PIE-how are party in electorate 1. Changes over time a. Dealignment – issue of whether people are moving away from the political parties and calling themselves independents i. There are more independents now than in the past but if we take out closet partisans still the overall number of independents have increased slightly over time b. Party Polarization – to what extent are democrats and republicans further apart on issues i. Strong party identifiers are increasingly far apart from each other on issues that reach the most attention 1. Gay rights 2. Social Welfare 3. Social Security 4. Affirmative Action 5. Immigration 6. Civil Rights ii. However it is a fairly small percent of the public only 10% on either side consider themselves as “Strong” partisans iii. So there is evidence but should not overdramatize it iv. Most people are “purple” ii. PAO—how changed over time 1. Become much weaker over the course of history…parties were traditionally thought to be weak to begin with but got even weaker a. Decline of spoils system, less patronage, driven by reforms to civil service i. Used to be that parties could get people to work for them by offering them a job ii. Once it declined parties became weaker as it was harder to get people to work for them to get candidates elected
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
b. McGovern Reforms – reduced the control that party elites had over who would get nominated i. Changed the process to include more participation ii. Party leaders have no influence over rank and file party members c. Money in Politics i. Soft money—you can make unlimited contributions to national political parties who would give it to state organizations which would use it for issue advocacy ads for a candidate ii. Parties no longer have control over this money and therefore are weaker again 2. Parties used to influence things through jobs and money, and patronage but no longer have these things at their disposal 3. They have become weaker with changes to the rules of the game a. Nominations Game: changing rules changes outcome II. Political Parties Continued: a. Third parties i. Are just parties outside of Dems and Reps ii. Ex: Green Party – Ralph Nadar iii. Ross Perot 1992 (20% of vote overall—but no electoral votes) 1. It requires that he needs a majority in a particular state or district iv. Impact (2 ways): 1. In close elections third party candidates matter b/c they take away
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern