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Running head: TITLE1How Memory Works Benchmark:Memory and Brain Mechanisms PaperPresented to Grand Canyon UniversityIn Partial Fulfillment ofThe requirements for PSY-402, Cognitive NeuroscienceByJasmine Torres BecerraMarch 25, 2019
TITLE2How memory worksIntroductionIntroduction to the topic of memory (Note, this instructor prefers students not use quotes, definitions, or rhetorical questions to introduce scholarly writing). Consider what you want the audience to know when they are done reading and how you intend to show them. Be brief and direct. (If facts are presented in this section they must be cited, even if the facts seem obvious).Working Memory and Long-Term Memory Everyday new information is presented to a person, being able to remember it is a process. To remember new information can go two ways if it just information that is going to be used once it will only be remember that one time and will not stay in your memory for long. But if the memory is being use more then once and is being taught more then once it may stay in your memory longer. Memory is divided into three parts sensory memory, short-term memory (also known as working memory), and long-term memory. These are the three types of memory that are associated with the brain but the two main ones are short-term and long-term. Sensory memory is “a life time measured in millisecond to seconds; short to medium lived memories like short-term memory” (Gazzaniga, S., M, Ivry, B., R, & Mangun, R. G, 2013) Short-term memories (also known as working memory) is “the second stage of the multistore memory model proposed by Atkinson-Shiffrin, it has a duration between 15 and 30 seconds, and a capacity of 7 items” (Mcleod, S, 2009). Short-term memories are seconds to minutes, according to the table presented by Gazzaniga, S., M, Ivry, B., R, & Mangun, R. G shows the capacity of a short-term memory is limited and the conscious is aware, it also states the mechanism of loss is primarily decay. Long-term memory is “the final stage of the multi-store memory model
TITLE3proposed by Atkinson-Shiffrin, providing the lasting retention of information and skills, meaningthe capacity is unlimited.”. Also, according to the chart that is presented by Gazzaniga, S., M, Ivry, B., R, & Mangun, R. G shows that long-term memory nondeclarative and declarative can last days to years and their capacity is High as well, the state is mechanism of loss is primarily interference. The only difference is that Nondeclarative is not consciousness awareness in where declarative is consciousness aware. The difference that short-term memory and long-term memory hold is that, long-term memory has a higher capacity which means that the information is longer to stay especially since it being taught multiple times. Where short-term you can repeat the phone number that you need to call that day but once you use that number, it will no longer stay in your memory, it more likely that you will remember the first few number or last numbers.

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