Chapter 9 - Chapter 9: Memory and Consciousness Pg. 325-334...

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Chapter 9: Memory and Consciousness Pg. 325-334 Consciousness – experience of one’s own mental events in such a manner than one can report on them to others (awareness) Overview: An Information-Processing Model of the Mind Memory – all the information in a person’s mind and the mind’s capacity to store and retrieve that information Modal model of the mind – standard model that portrays mind as containing three types of memory stores where information is held o Sensory memory, working (short-term) memory, and long-term memory o Function, capacity, duration o Control processes – includes attention, rehearsal, encoding, and retrieval, to govern the processing of information within stores and the movement of information from one store to another o Sensory input -> Sensory memory -> (Attention) -> Working memory -> (Encoding) -> Long-term memory o Sensory memory – trace to sensory input from a few seconds before and ability to hold it Holds sensory input even if the person is not paying attention Function is to hold long enough for it to be analyzed by unconscious mental processes and for a decision to be made as to whether or not to bring that into working memory o Working memory – place of conscious thought where all conscious perceiving, feeling, comparing, computing, and reasoning take place Also referred to as short-term memory – information will fade within seconds if it is no longer actively attended to or thought about Central processing unit to decide if short-term memory or long-term memory (active) o Long-term memory – stored representation of all that a person knows (passive) Unlimited capacity Long duration Attention – process that controls the flow of information from the sensory store into working memory Encoding – process that controls movement from working memory into the long-term store (memorizing) Retrieval – process that controls flow of information from the long-term store into working memory (remembering) Iconic memory – visual sensory memory of an icon o George Sperling found that memory store holds representations of visual input for
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Chapter 9 - Chapter 9: Memory and Consciousness Pg. 325-334...

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