Chapter 15 - Chapter 15 Pg 594-605 Personality as Mental...

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Chapter 15 Pg. 594-605 Personality as Mental Processes The Psychodynamic Perspective: Unconscious Motives and Defenses Freud’s psychoanalysis and psychodynamic theories – personality theories that emphasize the interplay of mental forces. People are often unconscious of their motives and processes called defense mechanisms work within the mind to keep unacceptable or anxiety-producing motives and thoughts out of consciousness Freud proposed that the main causes of behavior lie deeply buried in the unconscious mind; it affects the individual’s conscious thought and action but is not itself open to conscious inspection Freud believed that to understand action and personality, had to learn about the content of unconscious mind. Psychoanalysis is to shift through observable behavior for clues to the unconscious and piece them together into a story about the unconscious Freud considered drives to be analogous to physical forms of energy that build up over time and must somehow be released. Society’s rules don’t allow direct expressions of sexual and aggressive drives, and so one must find indirect ways Karen Horney focused on security as an inborn human need that can be filled only by other people o The most fundamental emotion in her theory is basic anxiety in a potentially hostile world. Parents influence a child’s lifelong personality through the ways in which they succeed or fail in relieving the child’s basic anxiety and helping the child feel secure o
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