Conservatism 2.docx.pdf - POLITICAL SCIENCE 1020E u2013...

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POLITICAL SCIENCE 1020E – Lecture #18 -- Conservatism 2 Agenda Conservatism in the 19 th century Conservatism in the 20 th century Conservatism in the 19 th Century Pope Pius IX (9 th ) Catholic church dominant through parts of Europe “Syllabus of Errors” published by Pius the 9 th List of mistakes made by the tide of radical liberal political and social movements in the 19 th century Claims: (1) Human reasons requires God’s help to discover the truth and promote human welfare – reason can not on its own promote the truth, we need God’s help o Denial of liberal commitment to reason as an instrument of progress (2) Catholic religion is the only religion of the state – make the state dependent on church doctrine o Denial of separation of religion from politics as claimed by the liberals (3) Rejection of central liberal claims o Resists the liberal idea of progress, reason to social problems on its own, against freedom of conscience (the ability to worship their own god in their own way), rejects secular education (non religious), rejects the authority of the civil law in worldly matters (should be religious laws) o The 80 th error he claims is that the Pope should reconcile himself with reason (this is wrong in his view)

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