327 Notes M1 - Econ 327 Lecture 2 12:30:00 ← The Method...

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Unformatted text preview: Econ. 327 Lecture 2 08/01/2008 12:30:00 ← The Method of Analysis (Becker) ← 1. Individuals maximize their own wealth as they peceive it ← 2. Individuals behavior is fwd-looking and consistent, but may be rooted in the past ← 3. Individuals try, as best they can to anticipate the uncertain consequences of their actions ← 4. Actions constrained by: • time • income • alternative opp. • Imperfect memory • Calculating capacities ← “The choice to commit a crime is a rational one” ←- This analysis (Becker) doesn’t work as well for violent crimes ← ← National Crime Reporting ← Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) most widely used • History: created by Dept of Justice 1920 o Initiated the collection and compilation of national statistics on crime o Objectives- to generate a reliable set of crime stats for use in law enforcement, management, and operation o FBI given this responsibility- in 1920 reporting by police agencies was voluntary and was the agencies w/ most resources steady growing since o 94% (as of 2001) of police agencies reporting to UCR from major metropolitan areas, those who report receive training so that everyone reports in the same way w/ standard model so national report can be compiled o Since 1920 there have been an increase in types of crime (Internet for example) which is ignored by the UCR b/c haven’t changed their methods ← The Crime Index (major features)- included b/c of seriousness, likelyhood of reporting • Crimes against people o Murder and Non-Negligent homicide- willful murder o Forcible rape- against person’s will o Robbery- the taking or attempted taking of somebody’s belongings by violence or threatening violence o Assault- the unlawful attack by one person upon another person w/ intent of causing great bodily harm • Crimes against property o Arson- purposeful use of fine or explosion to damage property w/o permission etc (added in 1970’s) o Burglary- hot (someone in house) occurring vs. Cold, in US cold more common o Larsony Theft- the unlawful taking away of someone’s property w/o use of force/ violebce o Motor vehicle theft- many critics don’t think should be included b/c most variable ← Part 2: Non Index Crime • Vandalism • Non victim • Prostitution • Drug use/ selling ← ← 1982- FBI and Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) commissioned a study of the UCR in order to revise it and bring it into the 21 st century ← RESULT ----> NIBRS ← ← NIBRS collects data on ← Currently 18 states have been certified for NIBRS • Offenses and arrests are reported on an incident based system • Data collected on two levels o Information about those offenses in current crime index, their victims and arrestees o Law enforcement agencies covering areas with 100,000+ population and a sampling of smaller agencies collect expanded detail on all significant offences ← Measuring the crime rate • Problems, Limitations, Criticism w/ UCR: o Crimes committed by family members or friends are often not reported,...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course ECON 327 taught by Professor Malone during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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327 Notes M1 - Econ 327 Lecture 2 12:30:00 ← The Method...

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