327 Notes M1 - Econ. 327 Lecture 2 08/01/2008 12:30:00 The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Econ. 327 Lecture 2 08/01/2008 12:30:00 The Method of Analysis (Becker) 1. Individuals maximize their own wealth as they peceive it 2. Individuals behavior is fwd-looking and consistent, but may be rooted in the past 3. Individuals try, as best they can to anticipate the uncertain consequences of their actions 4. Actions constrained by: time income alternative opp. Imperfect memory Calculating capacities The choice to commit a crime is a rational one - This analysis (Becker) doesnt work as well for violent crimes National Crime Reporting Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) most widely used History: created by Dept of Justice 1920 o Initiated the collection and compilation of national statistics on crime o Objectives- to generate a reliable set of crime stats for use in law enforcement, management, and operation o FBI given this responsibility- in 1920 reporting by police agencies was voluntary and was the agencies w/ most resources steady growing since o 94% (as of 2001) of police agencies reporting to UCR from major metropolitan areas, those who report receive training so that everyone reports in the same way w/ standard model so national report can be compiled o Since 1920 there have been an increase in types of crime (Internet for example) which is ignored by the UCR b/c havent changed their methods The Crime Index (major features)- included b/c of seriousness, likelyhood of reporting Crimes against people o Murder and Non-Negligent homicide- willful murder o Forcible rape- against persons will o Robbery- the taking or attempted taking of somebodys belongings by violence or threatening violence o Assault- the unlawful attack by one person upon another person w/ intent of causing great bodily harm Crimes against property o Arson- purposeful use of fine or explosion to damage property w/o permission etc (added in 1970s) o Burglary- hot (someone in house) occurring vs. Cold, in US cold more common o Larsony Theft- the unlawful taking away of someones property w/o use of force/ violebce o Motor vehicle theft- many critics dont think should be included b/c most variable Part 2: Non Index Crime Vandalism Non victim Prostitution Drug use/ selling 1982- FBI and Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) commissioned a study of the UCR in order to revise it and bring it into the 21 st century RESULT ----> NIBRS NIBRS collects data on Currently 18 states have been certified for NIBRS Offenses and arrests are reported on an incident based system Data collected on two levels o Information about those offenses in current crime index, their victims and arrestees o Law enforcement agencies covering areas with 100,000+ population and a sampling of smaller agencies collect expanded detail on all significant offences Measuring the crime rate Problems, Limitations, Criticism w/ UCR: o Crimes committed by family members or friends are often not reported,...
View Full Document

Page1 / 43

327 Notes M1 - Econ. 327 Lecture 2 08/01/2008 12:30:00 The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online