Chapter 11 - CHAPTER 11 ASSESSING CULTURE Culture defined by Purnell and Paulanka \u201cthe totality of socially transmitted behavioral patterns arts

Chapter 11 - CHAPTER 11 ASSESSING CULTURE Culture defined...

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CHAPTER 11 - ASSESSING CULTURE Culture defined by Purnell and Paulanka: “the totality of socially transmitted behavioral patterns, arts, beliefs, values, customs, lifeways, and all other products of human work and thought characteristic of a population or people that guide their worldview and decision making.” - Culture is: - Learned when it is transmitted from one generation to the other. - Shared when norms for behaviors, values, and beliefs are shared by the cultural group. - Associated with adaptation to the environment - Universal as it may vary but humans cannot exist without culture. Purpose of assessing culture - To learn about the client’s beliefs and usual behaviors associated with health and illness, including beliefs about disease causes, caregiving, expected treatments (both Western medicine and folk practices), daily hygiene, food preferences and rituals, religious beliefs relative to health care. - To compare and contrast the client’s beliefs and practices to standard Western health care. - To compare the clients beliefs and practices with those of other persons from a similar cultural background (to avoid stereotyping). - To assess the clients health relative to diseases prevalent in the specific cultural group. National standards for culturally and linguistically appropriate services (14 standards) - Standard 1: Ensure that patients/consumers receive from all staff members effective, understandable, and respectful care that is provided in a manner compatible with their cultural health beliefs and practices and preferred language. - Standard 2: Implement strategies to recruit, retain, and promote at all levels of the organization a diverse staff and leadership that are representative of the demographic characteristics of the service area. - Standard 3: Ensure that staff at all levels and across all disciplines receive ongoing education and training in culturally and linguistically appropriate service delivery. - Standard 4: Offer and provide language assistance services, including bilingual staff and interpreter services, at no cost to each patient/consumer with limited English proficiency at all points of contact, in a timely manner during all hours of operation.
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  • Fall '18
  • Donahue

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