Perceptual selection of Organization.docx - Name of the...

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Name of the Topic:Perceptual Selection of Organization
Introduction of Perception:Perception refers to the set of processes we use to make sense of all the stimuli youencounter every second, from the glow of the computer screen in front of you to the smellof the room to the itch on your ankle. Our perceptions are based on how we interpret allthese different sensations, which are sensory impressions we get from the stimuli in theworld around us. Perception enables us to navigate the world and to make decisions abouteverything, from which T-shirt to wear or how fast to run away from a bear.Close your eyes. What do you remember about the room you are in? The color of thewalls, the angle of the shadows? Whether or not we know it, we selectively attend todifferent things in our environment. Our brains simply don’t have the capacity to attendto every single detail in the world around us. Optical illusions highlight this tendency.Have you ever looked at an optical illusion and seen one thing, while a friend seessomething completely different? Our brains engage in a three-step process whenpresented with stimuli: selection, organization, and interpretation.For example, think of Rubin’s Vase, a well-known optical illusion depicted below. Firstwe select the item to attend to and block out most of everything else. It’s our brain’s wayof focusing on the task at hand to give it our attention. In this case, we have chosen toattend to the image. Then, we organize the elements in our brain. Some individualsorganize the dark parts of the image as the foreground and the light parts as thebackground, while others have the opposite interpretation.Rubin’s Vase: Rubin’s Vase is a popular optical illusion used to illustrate differences inperception of stimuli.
Some individuals see a vase because they attend to the black part of the image, whilesome individuals see two faces because they attend to the white parts of the image. Mostpeople can see both, but only one at a time, depending on the processes described above.All stages of the perception process often happen unconsciously and in less than asecond.According to Stephen P Robbins, Perception is a process by which individuals organizeand interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment.The term originated from a Latin word ‘percepio’ meaning receiving, collecting, action oftakingpossession,apprehensionwiththemindorsenses.Fred Luthans has defned Perception as a complicated interaction of selection,organization and interpretation of stimuli. According to Luthans, the perceptual processcomprises of External environment—Confrontation—Registration—Interpretation—Feedback—Behaviour—Consequence.

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Term
Fall
Professor
siddique
Tags
perceptual organisation, Rubin s Vase, Explanation of Perceptual Selection of Organization

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