Polisci china - Monday November 12 The End of the Last Dynasty o 1912 Qing Dynasty falls o Begins to crumble in mid-19th Century in face of

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Monday, November 12 The End of the Last Dynasty o 1912: Qing Dynasty falls o Begins to crumble in mid-19 th Century in face of domestic rebellion and foreign challenges o Violent struggles continued for 4 decade o Key issues: Struggle for peasant livelihood Struggle for nat’l sovereignty Struggle for Power o Struggles play out in competition between nationalists and communists o Communist Party: Leader: Mao Zedong o 1924-1927: Nationalists and Communists allied o 1927: Nationalists break political alliance; massacre; new civil war Goes on for long time o 1934: “Long March” Nationalists forced communists to starts a long march across china to look for a new empire Symbol of communist endurance 3000 miles 100000 set out, 10000 make it o 1937: Japanese invasion Led up to WWII Mao offers to unite w/ nationalists Nationalists reluctant
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Communists win political popularity Communists recognized as true nationalists o During WWII: Communist party grows dramatically Started w/ 40000, a million at end Japan defeated Alliance between Nationalists and Communists ends New civil war 1949: nationalists flee to Taiwan Communists turn to task of building socialist state After 40 years of unprecedented China, they’re finally a unified state The People’s Republic of China (PRC) o 1949-1957 PRC closely allied w/ USSR Alliance w/ Soviets: Stalin dies and Putin puts in place a way of desalinization o Mao got mad and told him to stop and Putin didn’t o Therefore there was a split in their relations o Technology transfer USSR trains Chinese workers in both countries Assistance in development of industry and bureaucracy Nationalization of private industry Land reform, collectivization o Violent and coercive process
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o Create big communes Supposed to live on their own Gov’t controls farms by controlling communes Beginnings of Maoism Compulsory participation Anti-Rightist Campaign o Silenced political opposition “Thought reform” Maoism views individuals as educable But: in 1950s millions of “enemies of the people” killed Tensions w/ USSR rise, eventually: break w/ Soviets o 1958-1976 Chinese model was socialism 1976: Mao dies; power struggle ensues Great Leap Forward Mao’s way of saying that they don’t need Soviet Union and that they could reform on their own and act on their own It was a complete failure Investment in agriculture plus investment in heavy industry Leap “into communism” = political campaign Result: decline in agricultural production Famine kills approximately 27 million people Eventually: retreat from radical Maoism Cultural Revolution Power struggle + ideological battle + mass campaign Red Guards
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Factionalization State all but ceases to function Erodes support for and power of the communist party 1969: Mao relies on army to put genie back in bottle
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course POLI SCI 106 taught by Professor Hererra during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Polisci china - Monday November 12 The End of the Last Dynasty o 1912 Qing Dynasty falls o Begins to crumble in mid-19th Century in face of

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