Psychologystudyguide2

Psychologystudyguide2 - CONSCIOUSNESS THE AWARENESS OF...

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C ONSCIOUSNESS - T HE AWARENESS OF ONE S OWN MENTAL ACTIVITY . -T HIS INCLUDES THOUGHT , FEELING , & SENSATION . C IRCADIAN R HYTHMS - -A 24 HR . CYCLE OF PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL CHANGES YOU GO THROUGH DAILY . -E X : P EAK M ENTAL ALERTNESS ALWAYS AT 9 AM AND 9 PM . J ET L AG ”- -S LEEP A DJUSTMENTS ; HARD TO GO TO BED AT AN OFF TIME FOR YOUR BODY . -E ASIER GOING FROM E AST TO W EST ; H ARDER TO ADJUST FROM W EST TO E AST . EEG W AVES - M EASURES THE WAVELENGTHS IN OUR BRAIN ; MONITOR OUR SLEEP PATTERNS . * B ETA WAVES - HIGH FREQUENCY ; VERY ALERT * A LPHA WAVES - AWAKE BUT VERY RELAXED ; LOWER FREQUENCY - SLOW ROLLING EYE MOVEMENTS - EYES BEGIN TO MOVE AROUND , WHEN THEY STOP , YOU ARE ASLEEP . S LEEP S TAGES S TAGE 1: T HETA WAVES WITH A FEW ALPHA WAVES 5 TO 10 MINUTES OF SLEEP IN THIS STAGE EX : NOD OFF AND YOUR HEAD POPS BACK UP S TAGE 2: M AINLY THETA WAVES BUT ALSO SOME DELTA WAVES H AVE SLEEP SPINDLES - BURSTS OF RANDOM ACTIVITY ONLY SEEN IN THIS STAGE , IN YOUR BRAIN 15-20 MINUTES SPENT IN THIS STAGE S TAGE 3: D ELTA WAVES (20%) 20-40 MINUTES OF SLEEP IN THIS STAGE S TAGE 4: A T LEAST 50% DELTA WAVES 20-40 MINUTES OF SLEEP REM SLEEP: -C OMPLETELY SEPARATE FROM STAGES ; DOES NOT COME DIRECTLY AFTER STAGE 4! -R APID EYE MOVEMENTS -MOST LIKELY ASSOSCIATED W/ DREAMING …MOST VIVID DREAMS SEEN HERE -H OWEVER , DREAMS CAN OCCUR IN ANY STAGE -H EART RATE AND RESPIRATION SPEED UP -“P ARADOXICAL SLEEP B / C YOU COULD BE AWAKE AND ALERT -YOU ARE PARALYZED; YOU CANNOT MOVE -NIGHTMARES OCCUR DURING REM SLEEP- LONGER DREAMS *N IGHT TERRORS - O CCUR DURING STAGES 3& 4; ONLY REMEMBER FEW DETAILS ; LIKELY IN KIDS . *S LEEPWALKING SEEN IN STAGE 4 *S LEEPTALKING SEEN IN STAGE 2
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M OVEMENT / MUSCLE ACTIVITY CAN OCCUR IN ALL STAGES BUT REM SLEEP ! **I T IS NOT POSSIBLE TO ENTER REM SLEEP FROM STAGE 4; A CORRECT CYCLE OF SLEEP WOULD BE 1,2,3,4,3,2,1,REM --T HE OLDER YOU GET , THE LESS AMOUNT OF SLEEP YOUR BODY NEEDS . S LEEP D EPRIVATION - D EPRIVED OF SLEEP IF YOU DO NOT GET EIGHT HOURS OF SLEEP A NIGHT . *REM REBOUND - SPEND ALL YOUR TIME IN THIS STAGE , BUT STILL DEPRIVING THE OTHER 4 STAGES . * YOUR MOOD IS EFFECTED BY THE AMOUNT OF SLEEP YOU RECEIVE . * LACK OF SLEEP = OBESITY , HYPERTENSION , MEMORY EMPAIRMENT * SLEEP DEPRIVATION = METABOLIC AND HORMONAL FUNCTIONING IN AGING * BABIES SLEEP A LONG TIME BECAUSE THIS IS WHEN THEY GROW - MAINLY STAY IN REM SLEEP D REAMS *E VERYBODY DREAMS ; PEOPLE CONFUSE THE INABILITY TO REMEMBER DREAMS WITH DREAMING * DREAMS TEND TO BE MORE NEGATIVE THAN POSITIVE -L UCID D REAMING WHEN YOU HAVE
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Psychologystudyguide2 - CONSCIOUSNESS THE AWARENESS OF...

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