Roots of Muslim Terrorism

Roots of Muslim Terrorism - Roots of Muslim Terrorism...

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Roots of Muslim Terrorism Al-Banna to al-Zawahiri Koran forbids murder, as well as starting a war of aggression. No such this as Islamic terrorism, only Muslim Historical Background o Ottomans lose WWI to British o End of Ottoman Empire, 1923 – rise of secular Republic of Turkey o End of Caliphate, 1924 Egypt o 1928 o Hasan al-Banna founds o Muslim Brotherhood Initially Influenced by Sufi mysticism Turns to more literal approach to Koran Cult-Like Practices Banna forbids membership in other parties Demands absolute personal allegiance Cult-A movement characterized by high levels of control/demand for obedience, significant deviance from the norms/mainstreams of society, bordering on criminal o Not Muslim to have Caliph o Brotherhood Grows Founds schools Association for women Rejects British presence Brotherhood grows to 500,000 in a population of 17 million by 1948
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Varying degrees of membership o Brotherhood Terrorism 1940s: Develops terrorist wing – secret apparatus
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course HIST 241 taught by Professor Cole during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Roots of Muslim Terrorism - Roots of Muslim Terrorism...

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