Study Sheet - Balfour Declaration(1917 British establish...

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Balfour Declaration (1917) British establish mandate in Palestine, Configure it as a homeland for Jewish people, Palestinian population boom, Jewish immigration Ariel Sharon is a former Israeli Prime Minister and military leader whose political career was ended by a massive stroke he suffered in early 2006. During his lengthy career, Sharon was a highly controversial figure among many factions, both inside and outside Israel. Some of his critics have sought to prosecute him as a war criminal for alleged crimes related to the Sabra and Shatila massacre during the 1982 Lebanon War . Sharon lost his post as Defense Minister as a result, but remained in the cabinet as minister without portfolio. becoming party leader in 1999 and Prime Minister in 2001. At the start of the Yom Kippur War on October 6 , 1973 , Sharon was called back to duty and assigned to command a reserve armored division . His forces did not engage the Egyptian Army immediately, but it was Sharon who helped locate a breach between the Egyptian forces, which he then exploited by capturing a bridgehead on October 16 and throwing a bridge across the Suez Canal the following day. He violated orders from the head of Southern Command by exploiting this success to cut the supply lines of the Egyptian Third Army, located to the south of the canal crossing, isolating it from other Egyptian units. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (1924) Secular nationalism in Turkey, Attaturk leads Turkey, Into Secularization, Nationalism, Mass literacy, Abolition of Arabic Script, Demotion of Islam, Abolished Caliphate Mossadegh served as the Prime Minister of Iran [1][2] from 1951 to 1953. He was democratically elected to the parliament, and as leader of the nationalists was twice appointed prime minister by Mohammad Reza Pahlavi , the Shah of Iran , after a positive vote of inclination by the parliament. [3] Mossadegh was a nationalist and passionately opposed foreign intervention in Iran. He was also the architect of the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry, which had been under British control through the Anglo- Iranian Oil Company , today known as British Petroleum (BP). He was eventually removed from power on August 19, 1953, by military intervention. The coup d'état was supported and funded by the British and U.S. governments and was led by General Fazlollah Zahedi [10] . The American operation to encourage it was run by the CIA Mandate System
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All the territories subject to League of Nations mandates were previously controlled by states defeated in World War I , principally Imperial Germany and the Ottoman Empire . The mandates were fundamentally different from protectorates in that the Mandatory power undertook obligations to the inhabitants of the territory and to the League of Nations. the formal removal of sovereignty of the previously controlling states the transfer of mandatory powers to individual states among the Allied Powers .
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