The Iran-Iraq war - The Iran-Iraq War Iraq and Afghanistan...

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The Iran-Iraq War Iraq and Afghanistan were not the target of much of academia due to the lack of access. Old Regime o 1958 2500 individuals own 55%of Iraq’s privately held land 80% of Iraq’s families are landless Urbanization o From 1950s o Mushrooms urbanization o Slums grow up o Rise of communism, Arab nationalism o Poor education but growing o Communism would build solidarity between races o Higher education alienates people from society Military Coups o 1958 Abdel Karim Qasim leads military coup o Land reform o Urban middle classes double in next decade o Out of Baghdad pact Anti soviet pact o Renegotiated oil deals Baath Party o Arab Nationalism o “socialism” o Appeal to youth in 1950s
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o Created by students o Religion unimportant only that you were Arab o Baath was associated with fascism by communist Arab Nationalism racist against non Arabs Kurds doomed to be second class citizens Baath Coup of 1963 o Fails after 8 months o Mainly military wing of Baath
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The Iran-Iraq war - The Iran-Iraq War Iraq and Afghanistan...

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