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Test 3 Notes 2

Test 3 Notes 2 - World War II The Axis Victorious For...

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World War II: The Axis Victorious For America, wwii didn’t begin until dec.’41, but for the rest, it began in the 30s. Where we start this war depends very much on our perspective. ’39 is when it started overall I. The First chapter: The 1930s a. 1931: Japanese conquest of Manchuria i. Convinced that capitalism was dead. The way to obtain resources was not through free trade but imperial conquest. The search for resources through invasion and warfare began in ’31. This invasion, completely unprovoked, was condemned by the League of Nations. The League had no military force, though. b. 1933: Hitler appointed Chancellor in Germany i. Dictatorship open about glorification of military conquest and plans for territorial expansion c. 1935: Fascist Italy under Mussolini expanded by invasion, military conquest (In Ethiopia, they sent bomber planes). Again, condemned by league of nations, but no military power. i. Hitler reestablished the air force and mass conscription in Germany this same year. Both moves were in violation of the Versailles treaty, but Hitler went ahead with them anyway. Nothing was done to stop him. d. 1936: Hitler re-militarizes the Rhineland. The Rhineland is the industrial heartland of Germany. The Rhineland was supposed to be a neutral zone, to provide a buffer for France, but it was still considered part of Germany. e. 1937: Japan advances in China i. After having Manchuria, they begin to invade the rest of China f. 1938: March-- Germany annexes Austria (adds it to Germany) i. According to Versailles treaty, Germany and Austria could not be joined together. Again, no response. ii. Summer ’38-- Munich crisis 1. Hitler demanded from the Czech government the area known as the Sudetenland. These regions were populated by Germans (ethnic and language). These areas had been part of Germany before WWI but were taken away as a result of the Versailles treaty. The Czech government said no. France had a treaty with Czechoslovakia to protect its borders. With Hitler demanding the land, Europe seemed on the brink of war.
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2. Faced with this prospect of war, British prime minister decided to do something that had at the time never been done before: The Munich Agreement. Chamber decided the threat of war was so great that he would personally go to meet Hitler. Chamberlain is the one with the idea that heads of state could meet personally to try to talk things through. Chamberlain gets on a plane 3 times to meet with Hitler and the French prime minister, not including the Czech prime minister. a. Munich Agreement-- the Sudetenland would go to Germany. In return, Hitler reassured Chamberlain that all his territorial demands had been met. “We have achieved peace in our time”. There was a collective sigh of relief all across the world. b. Of course, it lasted 6 months.
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Test 3 Notes 2 - World War II The Axis Victorious For...

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