History 10-28

History 10-28 - On April 1927, Russian advisors attempted...

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On April 1927, Russian advisors attempted to seize control of Shanghai o For a moment, it looked like the seizure would be a success o But after hard fighting, the Goumindang under Chiang was able to gain control over the city and they slaughtered anyone they thought had been involved in the uprising The communist party that had placed its bet on Shanghai was nearly destroyed Lost roughly 80% of membership Mao Zedong survived o Chiang ordered all the Soviet advisors out of China Chiang continues the expansion of Goumindang control over China o Clearly the strongest man in China Began carrying out a program that can be best described as Westernization o Built roads, railroads, telegraph lines, and so on o Created infrastructure Chiang married the sister of Sun Yat-Sen and converted to Christianity Much of Chinese unhappiness about foreign control was related to foreign concessions o Chiang ended these Proclaimed the idea of democracy but despite this, he insisted that China was not ready for this and that China needed a period of his rule to get ready for democracy By the 1930s, Chiang was attracted to the ideas of fascism but never became one Under his rule China makes steady progress Communism although survives and Mao Zedong retreats into non-Goumindang controlled areas of China o Most desolate and undeveloped areas o Chiang thought they were so dangerous that he used the army to try and root them out o Did not use the army when China was attacked by Japan Late 1931, Japan launches an attack on the northern part of China known as Manchuria o Represents one of the most valuable parts of China o Lots of mineral resources there Chiang knows he cannot defeat the Japanese armies and to engage in battle was a losing proposition o Simply withdrew and let the Japs do what they want o but the contrast of his use of the Army against native Chinese who simply disagreed with him politically and his refusal to use it against invading Japs made a very bad impression
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Over the next few years, Japan consolidates control over Manchuria and in 1937, launches attacks against the rest of China o Everywhere they went, in China, they won easily o Japanese had a huge problem though because China was a huge territory with lots of people Did not have enough people to occupy all of China So when it won an area it would have to leave it behind when it went to attack another area Led the Japs to a terrible idea To make certain the Chinese would obey Japan, they engaged in terrible acts of atrocity Worst occurred at Nanking 'rape of Nanking' Widespread rape and destruction The failure of Chiang to engage the Japs had a terrible impact on his reputation In December 1941, Japan attacked the US at Pearl Harbor o The entrance of the US into the war, as far as Chiang was concerned, was the answer to his prayers o Was convinced that the US could and would defeat Japan o If the US defeated Japan, Japan would not just be defeated in the Pacific but
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This note was uploaded on 06/14/2009 for the course HIST 2023 taught by Professor Martin during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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History 10-28 - On April 1927, Russian advisors attempted...

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