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Unformatted text preview: 1. Arab-Israeli War 1948-49 2. Suez Crisis 1956 3. Six Day War 1967 (Israelis 3 wars)-- (Last Class) Military victory was political failure. Neighboring countries were still unwilling to make peace, or even speak to Israel. Resolution 242, passed by UN in Nov. 1967, proposed possible solution by offering land for peace and just settlement of refugee problem. Neither side would agree. Moslum population was growing faster than Jews. New problems emerged with neighbors; PFLP and PLOs move to Jordan. USSR offered to build military of the enemies. What had Israel accomplished with its massive military victory? Not much.-- Nasser died and was seceded by Anwar El-Sadat . By 1972, the USSR rebuilt and built beyond what Egypt had before 1967 war. They thought Egypt owed them something, a certain amount of influence in policy. Summer 1972, Sadat called meeting. USSR said thanks for equipment, well keep it and you leave home with nothing. They huffed and puffed. This showed people that Sadat was something. On Oct 6, 1973, the Jewish holiday Yom Kippur, a date when Israels guard would be down. An attack on Sinai. Syria took advantage of Egyptian initiative, launched its own attack. Israel for the first time was taken completely by surprise. The MOSSAD, the best intelligence service in the world, had no prior warning whatsoever. The Egyptians made substantial gains, almost all the way across the Sinai before the Israelis were able to counterattack and push the Egyptians part way back. By mid Nov, Sinai was divided roughly half between them. At that moment, a UN brokered cease-fire was imposed. For the first time, an Arab country had fought Israel pretty much to a draw. Sadats prestige in the Arab and Moslem world was as high as it could possibly be. This was the first of the consequences of the Yom Kippur War. The second, OPEC had taken notice that when the war began, Western Europe and US had lined solidly behind Israel, helping to send them spare parts. OPEC replied with an oil boycott of the west. For the US, it was a serious problem. The US produced roughly half of the oil the US needed. Western Europe depended on OPEC for roughly 80% of their oil. After ceasefire, OPEC agreed but only as doubled prices. The economies of the US and Western Europe took a serious hit. In the US, there was a stock market decline greater than weve had this year. Stocks lost 50% of their value and inflation went through the roof (1973 still). Over the next few years, Israel had to confront the fact that the world had changed. There was now a significant cost of being a friend to Israel. Also, it realized that if it could be taken by surprise once, it might be taken by surprise again....
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