History 9-11

History 9-11 - 9-11(day after missed class)Last Time Single...

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Unformatted text preview: 9-11 (day after missed class)Last Time: Single most serious nuclear situation & the rulesDétenteTest Ban TreatyNon-Proliferation TreatyStrategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)J.F. Kennedy/ D. RuskC.B. JohnsonR.M. Nixon/H.A. KissingerN. KhrushchevL. Brezhnev1964:USAUSSR1969USAUSSR--Aftermath of Cuban Missile CrisisKennedy wrote to Khrushchev a peace statement, asks for a détente “relaxation” affecting NATO and Warsaw Pact? (October ’62)Krushchev speaks “minimize friction between states”(Dec. ’62)Later, the necessity to re-examine our attitude toward the USSRAug. 5, 1963- Test Ban Treaty: ban aboveground nuclear testing; 1. would slow proliferation of other countries; 2. would slow the pace of the arms race; 3. Would generate momentum toward an improvement in relations …1963- JFK assassinated; C.B. Johnson took his placeKhrushchev had been seceded by L. Brezhnev and his followers in a power struggleU.S. fighting in VietnamJan. 1967- outlawed the positioning of nuclear weapons in outer space(last class, prohobitin of it in Antarctica1967- Needs some way to slow down drastically the process of other countries developing nuclear weapons5 members in nuclear club: US, USSR, British, French, ChinaSoon after WWII, we shared nuclear secrets with British1958 French government asked us; we said no; 2 years later they developed nuclear bomb and became 4thof clubUSSR shared with the Republic of China; Khrushchev decided half way through that he made a mistake…but they had enough info to work on it themselves1964- China successfully detonates nuclear bombA world with 15 to 20 nuclear powers would be terrifying, says KennedyJuly.1, 1968- NPT- Non-proliferation T reaty- most substantial agreement on nuclear weaponry; 1stprovision: all signatories promise not to transfer nuclear weapons or the technology to create nuclear weapons to any non-nuclear state; 2. Signators promises they will, for peaceful uses, transfom technology.. 3. Establishment of international safeguards under the U.N. to prevent peaceful nuclear programs from being transformed into weapons; 4. Signatories would produce further negotiations that would slow down or halt the arms 4....
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History 9-11 - 9-11(day after missed class)Last Time Single...

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