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Unformatted text preview: SOCIAL PSYC FINAL REVIEW: Need for Affiliation: desire to interact with others; females are higher than males (Ch. 11) Balance Theory: people try to find a balance between each other’s views on important issues. If they differ a lot on things that are important, their attraction begins to suffer. (interpersonal attraction; Ch.11) Stage model of relationship development: (Ch. 11) No relationship Awareness surface contact mutuality (1 st impression) (learn basics) (interdependence) Social Penetration Theory: (Ch. 11) Over time, the range of topics & activities in a relationship increases. The two share more inner thoughts and feelings (self disclosure). Attachment Styles: (Ch. 11) 50% secure-- same as survival rate of marriages 25% anxious-- people stick together because they like to argue; yo-yo relationships; eventually, they will become okay with it and move on 20% avoidant-- non-communication= worst strategy 5% no category I ntimacy: emotional, mutual sharing of feelings (Ch. 11) Complementarities: (Ch. 11- complementary?) opposites attract. This doesn’t carry through scientifically. Of course, there are few exceptions as with everything. Social exchange theory: (Ch. 11) cost-benefit analysis of relationships. Is the time, effort, money worth the benefits of the relationship. T r iangular theory of love: (Ch. 11) There are 3 basic dimensions that help describe different types of love: 1. Intimacy; 2. Commitment; 3. Passion Aggression: Sanctioned Aggression: (Ch. 9) aggression approved by society as in war or self-defense Gender roles and aggression: (Ch. 9) Males tend to be more physical in their aggression. Females are more verbal in their aggression. Females tend to feel more guilt after an aggressive act. The socialization process gives us these characteristics. Testosterone is connected to aggression, too. F rustration aggression hypothesis: (Ch. 9) Blocked goals frustration aggression Factors are not always linked. Vent anger to a safe target; catharsis. Att ributions of intent; explain away frustration Perceived justice; if it’s normal and everyone else is going through it, we are okay Aggression in social learning theory: (Ch. 9) observational learning or modeling; vicarious reinforcement The cognitive approach to treating aggression: In Therapy: 1. Aggressive people need to change their world view 2. Aggressive people need to manage aggressive impulses 3. Aggressive people need to learn social skills (a lot of the time they don’t know...
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- Spring '08
- Social Psychology