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11-20 Lecture - ATTRACTION Individual Differences Related...

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ATTRACTION Individual Differences Related to Attraction Need for Affiliation: reflects the desire to interact with others. Females are higher than males. Need for Intimacy: reflects the desire to self-disclose and develop affectional relationships with others Loneliness: reflects dissatisfaction with the level of intimacy in a relationship with others. Sometimes loneliness can be related to one’s personality. Loneliness can come from not knowing how to interact with others and share yourself or not being satisfied with the relationships you have. Social Anxiety: reflects chronic form of rejection by others. Stimulus is being around others. Social Anxiety: Sensitivity to criticism Fear of disapproval Response to imagined criticism Low self esteem Rigid ideas of appropriate behavior Expect negative outcomes from potential interactions Heightened awareness of fear Fear of inability to escape Overestimate reaction to situation Fear of anxiety fear of appearing out of control Attachment Styles: 50% secure (same as survival rate of marriages in US) 25% anxious (sometimes people stick together because they like to argue things out and eventually they’ll be okay with it and move on…yo-yo relationships) 20% avoidant (non-communication, avoid problems; worst strategy)
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5% no category Interpersonal Attraction: Reward Theory Newcomb. Operant conditioning. If you find the right reinforcer, you can increase the probability of the desired behavior. Attraction varies by reward frequency. If they experience more of a punishing reaction, less attracted, and vice versa Reinforcement- Affect Theory Burn. It’s a combination of our emotions and the reinforcement. Associations of positive emotions with rewarding people influence attraction. Balance Theory Hyder. People try to find a balance between each other’s views on important issues. If they differ a lot on things that are important, their attraction begins to suffer. Proximity Variable that tends to be tested in research. The closer we are to people physically, the higher the probability that we’ll interact with people.
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