9-18 Lecture

9-18 Lecture - Att itudes: (Ch.4) Allports (1935) Definit...

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Attitudes: (Ch.4) Allports (1935) Definition of an Attitude Attitude: A mental and neural state of readiness, organized through experience, exerting a directive and dynamic influence on a person’s responses to related objects and situations. When we find ourselves in a situation where we’re uncomfortable, our attitude is to not do what they’re doing, our attitude tells us to get out of that situation, back away Quickly, we could sum up what our attitudes are, and act accordingly Attitudes provide a guide for us, let us know how we’re supposed to act Components of Structure: Cognitions- actual information is organized so that we can remember it better Affective Responses- emotional component (“affect” is the same as emotions); some attitudes are obviously much more emotionally charged depending on basic values Behavioral Intentions- attitudes create an intention to behave a certain way, consistently with the attitude; we try all the time to keep ourselves consistent; intention is separate from the behavior Behaviors- performance of action related to your attitude; intentions are the best prediction of behavior, but not every intention that we have is always acted upon due to an obstacle or frustration Values are more general, a deep personal conception of what you believe is right; values guide our actions as well as attitudes. We construct attitudes that are consistent with our larger values. Values are more like priorities. Attitude Functions: 1. Define us (badge value) 2. Direct future feelings and thoughts
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3. Summarize feelings, thoughts, intentions, behavior 4. Specific a. Utilitarian - goal-oriented b. Knowledge - function to help organize thoughts, improve memory and perception c. Value expressive- help us communicate our views of what we think is right or wrong d. Ego defensive - help us rationalize who we are; attitudes about self- concept can be protective for us Because of JFKs attitude to get first man on moon, people in country started increasing
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This note was uploaded on 06/14/2009 for the course PSYCH 2040 taught by Professor Adair during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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9-18 Lecture - Att itudes: (Ch.4) Allports (1935) Definit...

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