9-11 Lecture

9-11 Lecture - The Self & Social Judgment (Ch. 2 and...

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(tests remain on schedule) THE SELF (Ch.1) The self is a cognitive structure containing organized and stable contents of personal experience It’s a control device that assists understanding and prediction of action; helps us regulate ourselves It’s an evaluative and emotional guide Our normal state of consciousness that functions to separate us from others and everything physical around us -- De-individuation - People diminish their self focus in situations such as riots; person focuses more on a collective reaction- violent reaction- of others Different components of self: The Self: 1. Private self- how we think of ourselves 2. Public self- how we think others see us 3. Collective self- how we think important people, authority figures, see us In modern society, there’s much more of a focus on the public and collective self. In Ancient times, the private self was extremely important. Self preservation was more of a goal. It varies with culture, too. Further east is more interdependent, so closer to public and collective, where west emphasizes individual. Interdependent-- Group memberships, interconnectedness, sense of belonging, group goals, harmonize with and support communities, being responsible is more important than doing one’s own thing Independent--Autonomous, separate, self-contained, personal goals, personal achievement and fulfillment East Asian people are more concerned about becoming better than being good. From Japanese perspective, role of others in an athlete’s career is recognized for shaping who athlete is People that have an interdependent view of the world know that social relations are powerful The amount of conformity depends largely on who other individuals are; For Americans, distinguishment between in-groups and out-groups is much less than in Asia Spotlight effect —we sometimes believe that others are paying closer attention to us than they really are, particularly if someone is speaking in front of group (we start feeling self-consciousness and begin regulating our own behavior to make sure we don’t get negative feedback)
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Illusion of transparency —illusion that others can read our sealed emotions; they don’t have to verbalize what they’re feeling; it’s a false assumption Self-interest affects social judgment When we evaluate ourselves, we tend to be a lot more subjective; when people rate themselves on their performance, they’re usually lenient Self-concern motivates social behavior; strong concern for our own self-image Social relationships we interact differently with different people; mother, daughter, spouse, friend, etc. Social surroundings Self-perception is distinctiveness focus; we look for things that make us different than the others *Self-concept - asking the question “who am I?” Different components: Personal attributes: characteristics distinguishing an individual from others Possible selves: ideas about what we may be in the future Cognitive Organization of the Self-Concept
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9-11 Lecture - The Self & Social Judgment (Ch. 2 and...

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