ANTH 1001 2-28

ANTH 1001 2-28 - ANTH 1001 2/28 p.123 text Order Suborder...

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ANTH 1001- 2/28 p.123 text Order Primates Suborder Prosimic, Anthropoidea Infraorder Etc.- TEXT p.123 (he won’t ask specifics like “what is the suborder of…”) Prosimians- lemurs, lorises, tarsiers Anthropoids- new world monkeys, old world monkeys, apes, humans Catarrhine- O.W. monkeys, apes, humans Hominoids- apes, humans Hominids- humans I. Living Primates a. Taxonomy b. Taxonomic variability Taxa # Species Lemurs 32 Loris 19 Tarsiers 5 New World Monkeys 78 Old World Monkeys 87 Hominoids 14 (don’t need to memorize) There are more species of monkeys than any other primate group. If evolutionary success is related to the diversity of species, then monkeys are the most evolutionarily successful primates. (There has to be variability for there to be natural selection; more natural selection=more evolution)
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c. Primate characteristics i. Grasping (i.e. prehensile) hands and feet ii. Nails at the ends of digits, not claws iii. Increased reliance on vision; eyes are positioned at the front of the skull 1.
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