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Unformatted text preview: ANTH 1001 2/26/08 I. Speciation a. Def.- species I I. Systematics and Taxonomy a. Def.- Systematics- the study of relationships among organisms b. Taxonomy- system for classifying organisms c. A researcher first does a systematic analysis; then she does a taxonomic classification. d. Carolus Linnaeus devised a taxonomic scheme that we use today (our taxonomic classification) 1. Categories Taxa Kingdom Animalia Phylum Cordata Class Mammal ia Order Primates Family Hominid ae Genus Homo Species Sapiens 2. When referring taxonomically to organisms, use a binominal nomenclature, consisting of both genus and species names. (ex) G enus s pecies : either underline or italicize genus and species names e. Linnaeus was a creationist; modern biologists are evolutionists. There are differences between Linnaeus use of taxonomy and that of modern biologists. 1. Concept of species category a. To Linnaeus, there was no fundamental difference among taxonomical categories (i.e., Kingdom through species). taxonomical categories (i....
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- Spring '07