Baroque Art

Baroque Art - Baroque Art Preliminary Exam 1 Results A = 29...

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Baroque Art
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Preliminary Exam 1 Results A = 29 B = 63 C = 39 D = 13 F = 9 High Score = 98 Low Score = 36 Average = 79.58
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Circumstances that led to changes in the visual arts in 16 th -century Europe include: 1517 Martin Luther nails Ninety-Five Theses to door of Wittenberg Cathedral 1521 Magellan’s crew completes first global circumnavigation 1522 Luther publishes vernacular German version of the Bible 1525 Against the Heavenly Prophets in the Matter of Images and Sacraments 1527 Sack of Rome 1534 Ignatius Loyola founds Society of Jesus (the Jesuit Order) 1539 Suppression of monasteries in England 1542 Inquisition established at Rome 1550 Vasari’s Lives of the Painters published 1550 in Florence 1545-63 Council of Trent decides in last session to keep sacred imagery in churches 1566 Great Iconoclasm 1573 Paolo Veronese goes before the Inquisition Tribunal of Venice 1575 Pope Gregory XIII recognizes the Oratorian order of Filippo Neri
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From Martin Luther’s Ninety-Five Theses 36. Every truly repentant Christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon. 37. Every true Christian, whether living or dead, has part in all the blessings of Christ and the Church; and this is granted him by God, even without letters of pardon. 45. Christians are to be taught that he who sees a man in need, and passes him by, and gives [his money] for pardons, purchases not the indulgences of the pope, but the indignation of God. 75. To think the papal pardons so great that they could absolve a man even if he had committed an impossible sin and violated the Mother of God – this is madness. 82. To wit: -- “Why does not the pope empty purgatory, for the sake of holy love and of the dire need of the souls that are there, if he redeems an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a Church? The former reasons would be most just; the latter is most trivial.” 86. Again: -- "Why does not the pope, whose wealth is to-day greater than the riches of the richest, build just this one church of St. Peter with his own money, rather than with the money of poor believers?"
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“I approached the task of destroying images by first tearing them out of the heart through God’s Word and making them worthless and despised. …For when they are no longer in the heart, they can do no harm when seen with the eyes. …I have allowed and not forbidden the outward removal of images.
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Baroque Art - Baroque Art Preliminary Exam 1 Results A = 29...

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