Exam #1 Study Guide.docx - Exam#1 Study Guide Study Guide...

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Exam #1 Study Guide Study Guide: Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 4 Keys to good health Exercise Don’t smoke Eat right Don’t abuse alcohol Personality types: A,B,C,D Personality Theories: Maslow, Erickson, Kohlberg, Piaget, Freud SEE NOTES 7 Dimensions of Health Physical health: how well your body functions and how well you care for it Intellectual health: a willingness to take on new intellectual challenges, openness to new ideas and skills, a capacity to think critically, and a sense of humor and curiosity Psychological health: autonomy, self-acceptance, and the ability to maintain nurturing relationships and to pursue meaningful goals Spiritual health: influenced by your beliefs and values and the way in which you express them Social health: the quality of interactions and relationships with others Environmental health: the quality of home, work, school, and social environments – as well as the health of our planet Occupational health: the quality of your relationship to your work 1 st and 2 nd cause of death ages 15-24 1 st cause: accidents/unintentional injuries 2 nd cause: suicide Most common health problem of college students Allergies Common college student health behaviors Allergies
Anxiety Depression Back pain Asthma Migraine headaches Chronic disease Insomnia Health Campus Initiative Faciliatate broad, positive health changes in large segments of the US population whose goals are revised every 10 years Goal is to achieve health equity and to eliminate health disparities Current life expectancy 78.8 years Stages of Change Model: 6 stages of a behavior change Precontemplation: has no intention of addressing a problem in the next 6 months Contemplation: acknowledges a problem; thinking about making a change within the next 6 months Preparation: intends to make a change within one month and has a plan in mind Action: modifies a behavior in an observable way Maintenance: has maintained a behavior for 6 months or more and works to prevent relapse Termination: successful behavior change Factors most strongly linked to premature death Poor nutrition, inadequate physical activity, obesity, tobacco use, and alcohol abuse CDC: 4 common behaviors responsible for most suffering and early death Lack of physical activity Poor nutrition Tobacco use Drinking too much alcohol Determinants of Health Biology and genetics
Individual behaviors Social Physical Health services Policy-making 5 modifiable behaviors Tobacco use Poor diet Physical inactivity Alcohol abuse Drug abuse Predisposing, Enabling and Reinforcing factors Predisposing factor: a physical, mental, emotional, or surrounding influence that affects the likelihood that a person will decide to change a current behavior Enabling factor: a skill, social support, or resource that makes it possible (or easier) to succeed in changing a targeted behavior

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