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CHAPTER SUMMARIES - CHAPTER SUMMARIES CHAPTER 17 west...

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CHAPTER SUMMARIES CHAPTER 17 - west Indian culture varied o goods, culture, language and disease o Economy: livestock raising, hunting, fishing Gathering, trading and raiding o Corn was common crop, sheep and horses, buffalo was primary prey - Great Plain Indians- (Lakotas Pawnees) o Full use of buffaloes Cook meat, hide into clothing and shoes, tools and horns from bones o Also depended on horses - Southwest Indians herders, more value on sheep, goats and horses - Northwest Indians o Salmon and other fish were primary substances o A lot were around the Columbia River - Problems: lack of buffalo o Indians killing more not only for themselves but whites as well o 1840’s and 1850’s started to settle around fertile lands because of lack of buffalo o Lack of Salmon: canneries move around the river valleys (60’s-80’s) - Government needed to implement a tribal organization policy – Reservation Policy o Land that was least desirable to whites, protected from white encroachment, provisions of food and clothing o Made way for market economy Whites controlled for the most part, shift to Indians being more dependent white whites dictated what and how much would be traded o Problems with Reservation Policy: Indians had no say in their own affairs anymore, denied the right to be an American citizen, not protected under 14 and 15 amendment, greed for their land, tribes together that did not get along o Infamous Indian battle: June 1876 Lakotas: Rain-in-the-face, Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, killed 256 troops led by Colonel Custer, Little Big Horn River o Fix problem by teaching them to be civilized and giving them an education - Dawes Severalty Act (1887): land allotments to Indian families. Land trust was for 25 years, citizen granted to those who got the allotments, government can sell unalloted land to whites - Digging for and transporting minerals was expensive, if found sometimes was not mined, instead sold the rights to mining syndicates
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- Timber and Stone act: stimulate settlement in California, Nevada, Oregon and Washington, private citizens could by the land - 1989 granting of statehood by republicans to south Dakota, Washington and Montana, later on Wyoming and Idaho (allowed women to vote) allowed Utah later is polygamy was guaranteed to stop - Arizona attracted gamblers, thieves, and opportunists - Many signs of prosperity in the West but none of it is possible without water o Riparian rights: only those who owned land along the river banks could appropriate from the water’s flow o People favored prior appropriation: rivers water to first person who claimed it o 1890- Wyoming says river is public property so it is under state’s jurisdiction - Newlands Reclamation Act: federal government can sell western public lands to individuals in parcels not to exceed 160 acres, use proceeds to finance irrigation projects (1902) - Morrill Land Grant Act (1862): each state’s federal land to sell in order to finance educational institutions that aided agricultural development CHAPTER 18 - Thomas Edison (1876): electricity to transmit light, sounds and images o
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