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Unformatted text preview: MEETING TIME: SUNDAY AT 11AM, PHILIPS 108 http://academic.udayton.edu/grantneeley/POL%20201/index.htm CHAPTER POWER POINTS In the meeting tonight, we thought either Real Democracy or Pretend Democracy would be the essay question. For Real Democracy I think it would be good to talk about the three things listed in the question: How the Constitution does not hinder elected officials, Congress is organized in a way that allows them to implement policy, and the ways the President circumvents his limited role. I have notes on how the President circumvents limited role but does anyone have any ideas for the other two factors? Strategies Presidents use to get around limits: o Going Public o President speaks out to the public and Constituents pressure Congress o *Kernell wrote book called Going Public about Reagan (horrible negotiator) great at persuading the American people. Regan's "going public" policy in many cases disarmed his enemies in Congress. People liked the way he spoke. o Ex. State of the Union Address o Engaging in intensive public relations to promote the presidents policies to the voters and thereby induce cooperation from other elected officeholders in Washington o Presidents view as a viable alternative to negotiating with the opposition on Capitol Hill o Prime time television- great technique, but used sparingly Executive orders o A directive issued by the President o A presidential directive to an executive agency establishing new policies or indicating how an existing policy is to be carried out o Has the force of law until the president or a successor retracts it, Congress nullifies it, or a federal court rules it violates either the Constitution or some federal law o Most frequently used to establish executive branch agencies, modify administrative rules or actions, change decision making procedures, and give substance and force to statutes . For example executive order 12333 prohibits CIA to use assassination as a way of getting rid of leaders of countries. (made CIA) more responsible. Executive agreements o To sidestep treaties, Presidents use these which are exempt from Senate ratification o Statements of understanding between the administration and a foreign government Executive Privilege o The presidents right to withhold information from Congress and the courts o Presidents assert that executive privilege, nowhere mentioned in the Constitution, is necessary to maintain separation of powers among the branches of government Create executive agencies: o *Shear and Connolly Obama is creating a type of super-Cabinet to make sure his domestic priorities are not brushed aside Allows members to be closer to the President but many think there will be too many leaders and there will be struggles it is adding a layer of bureaucracy o Veto o Resist congressional effort to tightly prescribe how to administer programs or pass laws 1. Once comes to his constitutional powers, he has full authority, no branch can hinder his...
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