Exam 3 Study Guide

Exam 3 Study Guide - Exam3StudyGuide Chapter14

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Exam 3 Study Guide Chapter 14 Different views on mental illness (psychoanalytic, biological, cognitive, etc) o Biological “medical/diease model” What causes mental illness Mental disorders are caused by dysfunctio0nal biological processes Consequences Classifying them (classification system) Studying mental disorders Equating mental illness with physical illness Criticisms Makes people seem dysfunctional or ill Medications for treatment do not work and have side effects o Psychoanalytic What causes mental illness? Intra-psychic conflict (un-conscious desires) Early childhood experiences and repressed sexual conflicts Contributions Therapeutic ? between  Shared by childhood Looks at unconscious on behavior Criticisms Lacks imperial support Treatment takes forever o Humanistic (touchy feely) What causes mental illness Persons failure to find meaning in life and fulfill potential o Everyone is good, but when there are psychological problems, it will impede  your growth.  Contributions Empathy Believing people can solve their own problems Focus on the present Criticisms Theory’s  are not nessisarly working Will not work on people with serious problems. They have no incite on the  problem
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Behavioral What causes mental illness All behaviors are learned responses to stimuli. Contributions Baised on impericl evidence Short term therapy Criticisms Ignores the source May not be suitable for all problems o Cognitive What causes mental illness Psychopathology rooted in ones beliefs, assumptions, and cognitive schemas.  Contributions Are perspective matters Criticisms Involves a lot on the pacient Not good for serious pacient Will it relate to the real world and change thinking o Interactionist Perspective Biopsychosocial models Biological, social, and psychological components Diathesis-stress models Certain individuals are vulnerable to mental illess (eg. Biological basis,  personality) Only in certain conditions (eg. Gende, relevant stress, etc) does mental illness  develop What is abnormal ? o Several commonly used criteria: Deviance- a behavior is considered deviant when it deviates or is different from what  society considers appropriate. Society and time points matter Statistical deviation- a behavior is considered deviant when it differs from the majority  of the population Maladaptive behavior- behaviors that get in the way of normal everyday functioning  and decision making Personal distress- behaviors that cause the person to be troubled by their presence. Does it cause you to be troubled?
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Exam 3 Study Guide - Exam3StudyGuide Chapter14

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