AMSCO Progressive Era Answers (APUSH).docx - Progressive...

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Progressive Era Homework: Multiple Choice: 1. D; Because in the excerpt it talks about how the progressive movement was not just white, middle class men, but also workers, African Americans, women, and Native Americans. 2. C; Because segregation was treated as a solution at the time rather than a problem. So few people did anything to change that as most influential progressives were racist. 3. C; Because direct election of Senators means the citizens voting for the Senators, which makes them an “active citizen” of their government. 4. A; Because Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle is about how businesses abuse their freedom, their employees, and their customers. 5. B; Because Theodore Roosevelt read it and was disgusted so he passed the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act. SAQ: 1. a. The point of view of the cartoon on Roosevelt’s approach to trusts is that Roosevelt was shutting down the bad trusts and holding on to the good ones. At the time, Roosevelt, as a progressive president, was known for shutting down trusts that he deemed bad for the economy (ones that stifled competition and harmfully monopolized the market) and letting be trusts that he deemed good (ones that stimulated the economy). As the cartoon shows Roosevelt carrying a gun and a rope while stepping on a dead bear labeled “bad trust” and holding on to a bear labeled “good trust,” it can be concluded that the Roosevelt was shutting down bad trusts by “killing” them and keeping an eye on the good ones by “capturing” them. b. The point of view of the cartoon is that Roosevelt could not distinguish between the good trusts and the bad trusts. As Roosevelt at the time did not have a certain criteria for what trusts were bad or which ones were good, he simply indiscriminately shut down trusts that he felt were bad for the economy. Thus the cartoon shows that Roosevelt could not distinguish between the good trusts and the bad trusts as the bears that represent each look the same. c. Wilson tried to inhibit trusts in general while Roosevelt targeted particular trusts.

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