Psych Quiz- 8We need to operationally define the problem to build cognitive models and design experiments with testable hypothesis. Phenomenon Model HypothesisWilliam James:Wrote about the topic of attention and defined it as follows:“Everyone knows what attention is. It is the taking possession by the mind in clear and vivid form…it implies withdrawal from some things in order to deal effectively with others. A condition which has a real opposite in the confused, dazed, scatterbrained state.”Selection:The act of attending to an object to select it apart from the unattended objectsAttention:Also refers to our conscious ability to attend to the information that is relevant to ourgoals; you are actively selecting where to focus your attention*When irrelevant information overwhelms us, we get distracted* Automatic Process: -Involuntary “capture”-Fast, efficient Controlled Process-Conscious attention-Slow, effortful These two processesinfluence attention in different ways-Automatic processesare triggered involuntarily by external event and trigger the “capture” of attention-
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- Winter '14