Psych Quiz 9.docx - Memory Cognitive Psychologists Interested in exploring the world of thoughts representations and mental processes that make humans

Psych Quiz 9.docx - Memory Cognitive Psychologists...

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MemoryCognitive Psychologists: Interested in exploring the world of thoughts, representations, andmental processes that make humans unique sentient beings. DataStored data is identical to inputted informationRetrieved data is identical to inputted information MemoryStored memory includes personal details and interpretations-Frequently lost as time passes “forgetting”Retrieved memory may be altered or lost Reconstruction Fluency:Ease which an experience is processedCognitive ModelHelp understand a complex and abstract process like memoryModels describe, organize data and make specific, testable hypotheses that can bestudied in controlled experiments in the lab A Basic Memory Task Involves 2 Phases: 1)Encoding Phase:A subject learns a list of items, words, or pictures2)Retrieval Phrase:Uses either a recall test or a recognition testfor memory. -Recall Test:A subject is asked to freely generate as many items as she can remember-Recognition Test:A subject is shown several items and asked to judge whether eachitem is “new” (not previously presented) or “old” (previously presented) Hermann EbbinghausUsed the basic encoding and retrieval design to learn about cueing and forgetting ofmemories Using himself as a subject, he memorized a list of “nonsense words” during the encodingphase and later tested his recall ability during the retrieval phase
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