Comparative Politics - Comparative Politics Daily Notes...

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Comparative Politics: Daily Notes 03/09/2007 11:45:00 Max Weber – The Holy Trinity: Tradition, Modernity (rational-legal), and  Charisma Every government struggles to legitimatize it’s government. The three ways to do  so are the Holy Trinity. “Formulas for legitimating domination.” The three different ways  are considered “ideal types,” abstractions. All societies are built on these three, the  question is what pre-dominates.   There are four basic defining features of a traditional society: 1. A Traditional society is one in which the basic unit of organization and  identification is the corporate group (clans, racial groups, etc.) and not the  individual – social construct.  The Corporate Group defines identity (Corleone La Familia, greedy  institution.) The member derives identity from the corporate group. Outside  the group, the member loses his/her identity. Ex. Ostracism and Death were  the common punishments in Classic Greece. Death was more popular. Most  of the world receive identity from the corporate group.  Liberal society is transforming in to impersonal, bureaucracy.  2. In a traditional society, rules which govern behavior are personal, not  impersonal ( an impersonal norm is exemplified by rule of law). Integrating corporate groups requires ceremony, big deal, i.e. Marriage.  o Money is the invention of a non-traditional society. Money is the most  impersonal method of transaction.   3. In traditional societies, social reality is understood in essential, and not  dimensional, terms.  Social reality that is imposed by means of deep culture.  Ontology – What we understand to be real. Understanding of reality.  For example, social reality becomes you. Identity, your very being, is defined  by your social “roles” (though roles would not be how traditional societies  would define them).  Marriage, holy orders imply a ontological change.  Sunni to Shiite conversion would be considered a crime to reality.  Consistent with this, traditional groups place emphasis on three features: o A. Boundaries
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o Apartheid reality. A way to physically manifest the social differences  between groups. Again, the ontological difference between boundaries  is seen in the eyes of those who live in a Traditional society.  o B. Secrecy o Make yourself vulnerable if compromised. Ex. Giving away Vatican  secrets results in a mortal sin and can only be forgiven by the Holy  Father.
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