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Unformatted text preview: Comparative Politics: Daily Notes 03/09/2007 11:45:00 Max Weber The Holy Trinity: Tradition, Modernity (rational-legal), and Charisma Every government struggles to legitimatize its government. The three ways to do so are the Holy Trinity. Formulas for legitimating domination. The three different ways are considered ideal types, abstractions. All societies are built on these three, the question is what pre-dominates. There are four basic defining features of a traditional society: 1. A Traditional society is one in which the basic unit of organization and identification is the corporate group (clans, racial groups, etc.) and not the individual social construct. The Corporate Group defines identity (Corleone La Familia, greedy institution.) The member derives identity from the corporate group. Outside the group, the member loses his/her identity. Ex. Ostracism and Death were the common punishments in Classic Greece. Death was more popular. Most of the world receive identity from the corporate group. Liberal society is transforming in to impersonal, bureaucracy. 2. In a traditional society, rules which govern behavior are personal, not impersonal ( an impersonal norm is exemplified by rule of law). Integrating corporate groups requires ceremony, big deal, i.e. Marriage. o Money is the invention of a non-traditional society. Money is the most impersonal method of transaction. 3. In traditional societies, social reality is understood in essential, and not dimensional, terms. Social reality that is imposed by means of deep culture. Ontology What we understand to be real. Understanding of reality. For example, social reality becomes you. Identity, your very being, is defined by your social roles (though roles would not be how traditional societies would define them). Marriage, holy orders imply a ontological change. Sunni to Shiite conversion would be considered a crime to reality. Consistent with this, traditional groups place emphasis on three features: o A. Boundaries o Apartheid reality. A way to physically manifest the social differences between groups. Again, the ontological difference between boundaries is seen in the eyes of those who live in a Traditional society. o B. Secrecy o Make yourself vulnerable if compromised. Ex. Giving away Vatican secrets results in a mortal sin and can only be forgiven by the Holy Father....
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