Chapter 11: Pastoral Peoples on the Global Stage - Chapter...

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Chapter 11: Pastoral Peoples on the Global StageThe Mongal Moment1200-1450“Day of Mongolian Pride”Late 2012Marking birth of country’s hero 850 year searlierChinggis Khan “Revolution of domestication” // AKA: agricultural revolution11,500 years agoPlants and animalsPeople living in more favorable environments were able to combine farming with animals husbandryRaising livestock [4000 B.C.E]Used milk, blood, wool, hides, & meat of animalsAllowed to occupy land that couldn't support agriculture TransportationHorses, camels, goats, sheep, cattle, yaks, reindeerMongolsDidn’t move a lotLived in tentsPastoral societiesLess productive economiesNo written languageKinship based groups/clansClaimed common ancestry (through male line)Values stressed equality & individual achievementHowever, considerable differences emerged between wealthy aristocrats owing flocks of animals & poor herdersMobilityEnvironmental conditions dictated movementSeasonal settlementsWomenHigher statusFewer restrictionsGreater role in public lifeProductive laborDomestic responsibility for food & childrenCare for smaller animals (sheep & goats)Rare to control/own livestock
Mongolian Women

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