Experiment #1: Investigating Solubility and Acid-Base Reactions
The purpose of this experiment is to understand the solubility of compounds
and how acid-base properties affect solubility.
See attached pages for tables regarding the results of the experiment.
In part 1, diethyl ether is relatively non-polar and miscible with hexane,
which is also non-polar. Dichloromethane is polar, but non-polar enough to mix with
hexane. Ethanol, ethyl acetate, and water are all polar which makes them immiscible with
hexane. With acetone, there should be layering because it is polar and hexane is non-
polar but our experimental data said the resulting solution was fully miscible. This error
could have been caused by observing the solution incorrectly.
In part 2, diethyl ether and toluene are relatively non-polar which makes them
immiscible with polar water. Dichloromethane is polar but not polar enough to mix with
water. Acetone and ethane are polar, which makes them miscible with water. With ethyl