Early Industrialization Review - 11 What were the four...

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11. What were the four natural resources needed for British industrialization? 1. Water power and coal to fuel the new machines, 2. iron ore, 3. rivers for inland transportation, 4. harbors from which merchant ships set sail 12. How did the enclosure movement change agriculture in England? Landowners tried new agricultural methods. Also, large landowners forced small farmers to become tenant farm- ers or to give up farming and move to the cities. 13. What were two important inventions created during the Industrial Revolution? Describe their impact. One important invention was the spinning Jenny which allowed one spinner to work eight threads at a time. Then, Richard Arkwright invented the water frame. This machine used the waterpower from rapid streams to drive spinning wheels. Then, Samuel Crompton combined features of the spinning jenny and the water frame to produce the spinning mule. The spinning mule made thread that was stronger, finer, and more consistent than earlier spinning machines. Another important invention was the railroads. They spurred industrial growth by giving manufacturers a cheap way to transport materials and finished products. The railroad boom

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