Lecture - November 28

Lecture - November 28 - History 127B November 28, 2006 But...

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History 127B November 28, 2006 But the immediate background is the Russo-Japanese War: started in January 1904 – had major repercussions to the forefront The conflict was increasing blaming the government – the military was rarely blamed The fall of Arthur led to the first half of the year of the war There was a growing lack of faith in the government – it spread to all segments of Russian society July of 1904 – the Social Revolutionists assassinated one of Nicholas’ important councilman Sviatopolk and was soon replaced with Mirskii It is during his 10 year period of office, the revolutionists took advantage of him in order to organizational activity Autumn of 1904 began of this campaign of banquets – to organize professional unions and was successful; strengthened the opposition for political change and primarily constituitional reform The demands grew louder in the autumn – by late November/early December of 1904, the Russian empire – the middle and upper classes were speaking loudly of what they believed and felt; resolutions were being passed by the hundreds All of them called openly for constitutional reform and agreed with the liberal demand that was put forward for a constituent assembly – a real Parliament-type assembly In order to shutting the opposition up – Nicholas in December sent an imperial decree brought moderate concessions and did not issue of reform was now closed Publication of this decree marked the end of the Spring of Sviatopolk-Mirskii period The liberals in the summer held a meeting in Paris which they had agreed with the more revolutionary parties and joined to work as an alliance They had a goal creating one grand union – the union of the unions which would bring unity There was dissatisfaction in the forefront; all of this activity brewed up and mobilized all of these forces against the government Revolution of 1905 – came in January; was started by a former Chaplain; founded the Assembly of the factory workers of St. Petersburg; he was no longer considered a police by Jan 1905 – he was going to lead the union in a plan that he conceived January 9 – 100,000 workers marched to the palace to bring a petition that had a list of demands 1. Continuent assembly 2. Universal and secret suffrage 3. Eight hour work day 4. Workers insurance
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5. End of the War 6. Higher work wages And many more Instead of being met by a compassionate Tsar, guards blocked their way and they were to
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Lecture - November 28 - History 127B November 28, 2006 But...

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