ANAGRAM SOLUTION TIMES- A FUNCTION of Multiple Solution Anagrams.pdf - Journal of Experimental Psychology 1966 Vol 71 No 1 66-73 ANAGRAM SOLUTION TIMES

ANAGRAM SOLUTION TIMES- A FUNCTION of Multiple Solution Anagrams.pdf

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 8 pages.

JournalofExperimental Psychology1966,Vol.71, No. 1,66-73ANAGRAMSOLUTIONTIMES:AFUNCTIONOFMULTIPLE-SOLUTION ANAGRAMSM.S.MAYZNERDepartmentofIndustrial EngineeringandOperationsResearch,NewYorkUniversityANDM. E.TRESSELTDepartmentofPsychology,NewYorkUniversity4groupsof 20 Sseach were presented witha set of 21multiple-solutionanagram problemsand 2additional groupsof 20 Sseach received21single-solutionproblems,inwhichtheanagramwasitselfaword.AnS-Rmediational modelofproblem-solving behaviorwasemployedtomakepredictions concerningtheeffectsof 4variables, viz., anagramletter order, solution-word Thorndike-Lorgefrequency,anagramdigramfrequency,andsolution-word digramfrequency,onanagramsolutiontimes.Allpredictionsof themodel wereconfirmedand theresultsshowedthatformultiple-aswellassingle-solution anagramproblems,solution timesarefasterforeasyletterorders, high solution-wordThorndike-Lorgefrequencies,lowanagram digramfrequencies,andhigh solution-word digramfrequencies.Aseriesofearlierstudies(Mayzner&Tresselt,1958, 1959, 1962, 1963;Mayzner,Tresselt,&Helbock, 1964)examinedanagramproblemsolvingwithintheframeworkof an S-Rmediational modelofproblem-solvingbehavior (Kendler,1961;Kendler&Kendler,1962).Inthesestudiesfourvariables,viz.,anagram letterorder, solution-word frequency, ana-gram transition probability,andsolu-tion-word transition probability, wereidentifiedandrelatedtoanagramsolutiontimes.Sincetheanagramsemployedhadonlyasingle possiblesolution, predictions concerningtheeffectsofthesefourvariableshad toberelatedtodifferencesinsolutiontimes betweendifferentsetsofana-grams which variedin asystematicwayalongthedimensionsofthesevariables.Thepresentstudy,incontrast,employsanagramswith multiple solu-tions, which allowsforpredictionsto bemade concerningtheeffectsofthesefourvariableswithinthesame anagram problem.For ex-ample,in one of theearlierstudies(Mayzner&Tresselt,1958),it wasshownthatsolution-word frequency,asmeasuredby theThorndike-Lorge(1944) counts,has ahighly significanteffectonanagramsolutiontimes.More specifically,anagramswhosesolution wordshavehigh frequenciesofoccurrenceinEnglish,suchasCHAIR,SUGAR, TRAIN,etc., weresolvedfromthreeto fivetimesfasteron theaveragethananagramswhose solu-tionwordshavelowfrequenciesofoccurrence, suchasTANGO, PEONY,TRIAD,etc.In thepresentstudyanagrams(e.g.,LTAEB)willbe em-ployed which havetwosolutions, i.e.,TABLEwithahigh Thorndike-LorgecountandBLEATwitha lowThorn-dike-Lorgecount.Forsuchanagramproblems,an S-Rmediationalmodelwouldpredictthatsolutionwordswiththehigher Thorndike-Lorge count(e.g.,TABLE)would occurfirst and ofnecessityhaveshortersolutiontimesthansolution words occurring second(e.g.,BLEAT).Expansionof S-Rmodel predictionstomultiple-solu-66
ANAGRAMSOLUTIONTIMESWITH MULTIPLE SOLUTIONS67tionanagramswillprovideadditionaltests

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture