Commentary Final Draft.docx - 1 Amanda Poole ENG-105 October 1 2019 Jennifer Pellish Alarming Increase of ADHD Diagnosis Attention-deficit hyperactivity

Commentary Final Draft.docx - 1 Amanda Poole ENG-105...

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1 Amanda Poole ENG-105 October 1, 2019 Jennifer Pellish Alarming Increase of ADHD Diagnosis Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder usually found among children and leading into adulthood, however adults can be diagnosed as well. ADHD has become diagnosed at an alarmingly high rate over the past few years. According to Rydell, Lundstrom, Gillberg, Lichtenstein, and Larsson (2018), the lifetime prevalence of ADHD being diagnosed has increased 42% from the years 2003 to 2011 in a population-based study of children ranging in ages 4 to 17. With the daunting rate at which ADHD is being diagnosed, it leaves many guessing if ADHD is being misdiagnosed or over-diagnosed. If so, the medications being prescribed for such disorders could be detrimental, especially among young children. According to Partridge, Lucke, and Hall (2014), an Australian overview showed that prescribing rates for ADHD alone had risen 72% between 2000 and 2011. There is no laboratory test that can be given to determine whether a child has ADHD but is a behavioral observation test instead (Gupta & Kar, 2010). This being the case Gupta and Kar (2010) explain, the misdiagnosis can occur resulting in profound consequences, including depression, failed relationships, failure in school, and substance abuse. For physicians to determine the diagnosis of ADHD, he relies on the feedback given from the child’s parents and/or teachers where they will observe the child’s behavior then see if the child meets the criteria set for ADHD. Signs the child may show include, increased impulsively, elevated levels of motor activity, and attentional

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