study guide 2 - Short Answer: (must be able to define and...

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Short Answer: (must be able to define and give examples) Social Deviance (This is a sociological principle that the second exam, first short answer, will ask for) Deviance: anything that does not conform to social expectations, thus it's socially created. Homosexuality is not inherently deviant, but it is defined and labeled as deviant. Heterosexuality is the expected, actually demanded, sexual orientation in the U.S. Compulsory Heterosexuality Definition: 1.) Deviance is a relative , not an absolute, notion (what is deviant in one society might be normal in another, like homosexuality in ancient Greece) The act isn't deviant, the perception is 2.) Deviance is an essential part of every society , it creates order in society by: - labeling others as deviant offers nondeviants a sense of solidarity -condemning homosexual behavior helps people reaffirm that heterosexuality is the only legitimate option 3.) Whoever holds the power determines who or what is deviant, what's normal is most like those in power -religious bodies in the U.S. have taken a strong stance against homosexuality -until 1960 sodomy was illegal 4.) Violators of important social norms are stigmatized -Stigma: Powerful negative social label that affects a person's social identity -Through the church, medical community, and the law, society stigmatizes lesbians and gay people as sinful, despicable, and criminal Sexual Orientation: Definition: Sexuality: A way of organizing the social world based on sexual identities, attitudes, and behaviors Sexual Preference: Person's choice regarding the sex of people to whom he or she is attracted Sexual Orientation: Sexual attraction to the same or opposite sex is not a matter of choice, but is determined by genetics or environmental factors *Sexual Preference suggests that they choose to be gay, thus it's more blaming them so sexual orientation is the preferred term because it says that's it's not a choice Effects: Roots of Homosexuality Debate: Does homosexuality have genetic or social origins? -Growing scientific literature provides evidence for biological basis -Sexualities are malleable being shaped differently across time and location * The real issue is about social justice and origins (in sociology) Interpersonal Relationships and Domestic Arrangements -people perceive gay relationships as different -studies show that men act like men and women act like women in those relationships
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Practical Causes of Sexual Orientation Discrimination: The social problem lies in the societal response to homosexuality, not in the variance from the norm -Movie Clip (chick at dinner thinks gays aren't normal and everyone at table freaks out on her) 3 Types of Discrimination -Ideological -Legal -Occupational Ideological Oppression: -Homophobia : the fear and loathing of homosexuality and homosexuals -Gays are targets of ridicule (joke, hate crimes, etc) -Xtians consider it a sin, other denominations are more accepting -Used to be considered a mental illness Legal Oppression:
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course SOC 280 taught by Professor Namaste during the Winter '08 term at Grand Valley State University.

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study guide 2 - Short Answer: (must be able to define and...

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