2nd_Lecture_CTH_101_W04_1 - 2nd Lecture CTH 101 W04 Theatre...

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2 nd Lecture CTH 101 W04 1/23/04 Theatre leaves no permanent record so we’re not sure really when it started. There are dramatic scripts that date back more than 4,500-5,330 years (2500-3330 B.C), known beginning of dramatic art. Derives from ancient sources: storytelling and ritual . 1) Storytelling – telling about our day, the hunt, whatever, develops – imitation of voices, gestures, facial expressions, emotion – gives importance of plotted structure 2) Ritual – a ceremonial act performed for religious or cultural reasons, either to summon gods and influence nature or to dignify and memorialize an important social, political or mythic (basic truth) event; both religious and secular Baptisms and Bar Mitzvahs, changing of the guard in London to marriage – pageantry, theatricality, body/soul, truthful reenactment, spiritual enactment Middle East, 2500B.C.; tells the story of the gods and priests – humans making sense of their world; springtime drama, by 3 rd Cent. B.C. and Islam theatre in this culture moved on, seen as irreligious to depict humans. But it had spread to India and Greece and was performed before first millennium B.C. Athens, Greece, over 150 years produced some of most important playwrights and theorists – 5 th cent. B.C. – blend of myth, legend, philosophy, social commentary, poetry, dance, music, public participation and visual splendor – created form of both tragedy and comedy with characters that have become modern human’s archetypes in not only theatre but in areas of philosophy, psychology, political science, etc. etc. Read Edith Hamilton’s books, The Greek Way . The Greek plays were overly dramatic and acted quite big because they were about the gods – the stories were huge tragedies. Aristotle Poetics – great drama theoreticians, has written a lot of structure of drama, catharsis and writes that Greek drama, like the Middle Eastern drama before it was about gods of wheat, derived form ancient, orgiastic rites, wine drinking, phallus worshipping,
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