Developmental Studies- Lecture Notes
Goal of class: realize the conceptual details
“Industrial compression” for example is wrapped up in that part of world, countries go
through large transformation from agrarian to industrial jobs.
Week 1: What is the current state of the third world and its relation to a global economy?
Poverty and what it means, how it’s measured, what you think you have to do to eradicate
it, there are widely highly contest comments about it.
Morals in the stories: the state of development.
Patterns and trends in economic performance in countries in which there is or was mass
poverty (China’s economic miracle” since 1978. Zimbabwe’s economic nightmare or
“failed development” since 1978) a dynamic process of accumulation, development of
markets, patterns of investment, class formation. Characterized by different dynamics.
Compare the two, china was a capitalist system emerging out of socialism, Zimbabwe,
looking like the obverse of it, inflation, commodity scarcity, 4 million starving to death.
Thinking about how dynamic are these economies and are they doing anything about
poverty? Major export of s korea wigs, in 80’s became a largest production of iron and
manufactured goods. Is this successful free market capitalism? Market Leninism? Strong
state control of economy. “developmental state” governing the market, it’s not about free
anything, about governing stuff. What seems to be the different ways that economy
Different forms and strategies of economic growth (free market,
socialist, planned, “hybrid”) all these have the possibility of making life better.
Class formation and patterns of economic growth (Latin America’s, “new middle class”)
“social stratification” in any country social and political distinctions, are central to the
ways that the first two things happen. The first two have effect on classes.
Ex: china and rural exclusion
Keywords: poverty- what does it mean, how is it measured, poverty line (about 19
poverty defined as an income poverty line, measured by consumption poverty line.),
growth. Development, markets, liberalism.
Inequality and growth/development, rural-urban of china, islands of high tech
development (Bangalore: global, millenium goals)
Urbanization. Urban growth and the world. 90% of the people born in the next year will
be born in the global south in developing countries, and they will be living in cities.