AP Bio Medical Case - Questions about A Botched Botox Party...

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Questions about A Botched Botox Partyin the Hamptons Part I- Synaptic Vesicle Exocytosis 1. Endocytosis and exocytosis are considered active energy because they both require energy to move large particles across the membrane (either in or out of the membrane).2. Clathrin is a protein that plays a major role in the formation of coated vesicles. ***Clathrin helps build vesicle for endocytosis*** Happens in endo., needs energy, a coating in socket of endo (protects), it expands and takes up particles, cycle, clathrin makes shape, builds and transport particles within cell3. Phago.- cell eating (eats all) Pino- cell drinking (eats crumbs) both take something (particles) in to move across plasma membrane Endo- in 4. Some examples of proteins made at the end product of exocytosis (that help for cell and tissue function)Secreted protein - enzymes, peptide hormones, and antibodies Neurotransmitters from nerve cells- Neurotransmittersare stored in synaptic vesicles, clustered close to the cellmembrane at the axon terminal of the presynaptic neuron. Neurotransmittersare released into and diffuse across the synaptic cleft, where they bind to specific receptors on the membrane of the postsynaptic neuron.Plasma membrane proteins - The cell membranecontains proteinsthat transport ions and water-soluble molecules into or out of the cell.Antigens - pieces of bacteria or other invaders which stimulate the immune responseInsulin- Is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.

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