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ksSW1studyguide - Native American Southwest C lovis points...

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Native American Southwest C lovis points – Palio-indian hunters made these “reloadable” spears out of stone; named after Clovis, Mexico. Mogollon culture – lived from about 150 AD until around 1360 AD; name comes from the Mogollon Mountains which were named after Don Juan Ignacio Flores Mogollon (Spanish Governer of New Mexico); Mimbres is a branch of this culture; located in SW New Mexico and SE Arizona; known for their pottery o East of Hohokam Arizona, New Mexico highlands o Feature the “pit houses” and kivas o Extended trade with Mexico o Mimbres style pottery (black on white) Chaco Canyon – in NW New Mexico between Albuquerque and Farmington; o Head start on civilization o Pueblo Benito o Largest complex until 1882 o Walls tapered as they went higher… 4 or 5 stories high o Built a 30 ft wide road before the wheel was even made Kachinas Anasazi culture - were located in the Four Corners region ( Northern New Mexico west of the Pecos River, southwestern Colorado, most of southern Utah, and northern Arizona south to the Little Colorado River). The Anasazi existed around two thousand years ago and are thought to be the ancestors of modern Indian tribes Athapascan tribes o Crossed through Bering Straits from Asia to the Americas o called Navajos …southwestern US o believe in the emergence story Emergence stories o According to the story… there was only darkness in the beginning, with sky above and water below… then by holy means, the sky and water came together. They say the place of emergence was like an island floating in a sea of mist… no people, just mountains and vegetation o Now feel that the mountains are sacred
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Hohokam culture o Canals around phoenix Arizona o Made desert bloom o Immigrants of mexico o Snaketown was principle city (1930’s) Maize o Corn o Direct domestication of a Mexican annual grasses. . spread from Mexico to southwest Kivas o A room used by modern Puebloans for religious rituals. o Hopi and Pueblo people… also Mogollon and Hohokam o Kivas are square-walled and above-ground and are used for spiritual ceremonies o Enter room through a hole in the roof… indent or hole in floor (sipapu) to symbolize the connection from birth with Mother Earth… may also represent the spot from which the original inhabitants emerged from the lower world Spanish Southwest Fray Marcos de Niza o French Missionary (Franciscan friar) and explorer o Friars were elected to accompany the Spanish conquistadors to the New World o He was part of an elite group even divine power of the Pope to teach Indians about Christianity o Famous for discovering the Pueblo tribe called the Zuni Indians. Duped into believing the “seven golden cities of Cibola” – mythical seven cities of gold in NM o First white man to visit AZ Estevanico o Estevanico travelled with Dorantes to Hispaniola and Cuba on Pánfilo de Narváez 's ill- fated expedition of 1527 to conquer Florida
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o in doing so Estevanico became the first person born in Africa
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ksSW1studyguide - Native American Southwest C lovis points...

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